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PublisherIrish Medical Journal
JournalIrish Medical Journal
AbstractAim The aim of this study was to evaluate trends in admissions for patients with primary varicella infection in Irish hospitals. Methods The Hospital Inpatient Enquiry System was evaluated from Irish hospitals from 2005-2016 for patients with primary varicella infection. Results There were 2717 admissions with primary varicella infection. The average annual number of admissions was 226 for an incidence of 4.87/100,000. Average length of stay (ALOS) was 5-days. Sixty-two (2.5%) patients required intensive-care with an ALOS of 26-days. The most common secondary diagnoses were cellulitis, volume-depletion and streptococcal infection. The number of admissions due to streptococcal infection and cellulitis significantly increased over the period. Conclusion Chickenpox places a consistent burden on Irish healthcare, accounting for in excess of 1100 acute and 160 intensive-care bed days annually. This study adds weight to the argument that universal varicella vaccine should be considered and provides baseline epidemiology to determine vaccine effectiveness in the future.
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