Ophthalmic manifestations of vitamin A and D deficiency in two autistic teenagers: case reports and a review of the literature.
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CitationOphthalmic manifestations of vitamin A and D deficiency in two autistic teenagers: case reports and a review of the literature., 6 (1):24-9 Case Rep Ophthalmol
JournalCase reports in ophthalmology
AbstractWe describe the cases of 2 autistic children with ophthalmic and systemic manifestations of vitamin A deficiency due to food faddism. Although vitamin A deficiency is common in the developing world, reports in developed societies are rare. Our patients presented over a 1-year period. The patients were 14 and 13 years old at the time of presentation and were both found to have marked features of vitamin A deficiency related to unusual dietary habits. Anterior segment signs of xerophthalmia were present in both patients. In addition, patient 1 showed evidence of a rod-predominant retinopathy, which resolved with vitamin A supplementation. Due to its rare occurrence, hypovitaminosis A must be highlighted and anticipated in this cohort.