HSE Publications about children and young people.

Recent Submissions

  • Using a hybrid agent-based and equation based model to test school closure policies during a measles outbreak.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Hunter, Elizabeth; Kelleher, John D (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-03-12)
  • Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing the Use of Assistive Technology among Children with Disabilities in Malawi.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Jamali-Phiri, Monica; Ebuenyi, Ikenna; Smith, Emma M; Kafumba, Juba Alyce; MacLachlan, Malcolm; Munthali, Alister (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-03-16)
  • Measuring Mothers' Viewpoints of Breast Pump Usage.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Becker, Genevieve E (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-04-07)
  • The European Rare Kidney Disease Registry (ERKReg): objectives, design and initial results.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Bassanese, Giulia; Wlodkowski, Tanja; Servais, Aude; Heidet, Laurence; Roccatello, Dario; Emma, Francesco; Levtchenko, Elena; Ariceta, Gema; Bacchetta, Justine; et al. (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-06-02)
  • Needs and Experiences of Children and Adolescents with Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis and Their Caregivers: A Systematic Review.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Ghai, Shashank; Kasilingam, Elisabeth; Lanzillo, Roberta; Malenica, Masa; van Pesch, Vincent; Burke, Niamh Caitlin; Carotenuto, Antonio; Maguire, Rebecca (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-05-25)
  • Five Reasons Why Pediatric Settings Should Integrate the Play Specialist and Five Issues in Practice.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Perasso, Giulia; Camurati, Gloria; Morrin, Elizabeth; Dill, Courtney; Dolidze, Khatuna; Clegg, Tina; Simonelli, Ilaria; Lo, Hang Yin Candy; Magione-Standish, Andrea; et al. (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-06-29)
  • Predicting Admissions From a Paediatric Emergency Department - Protocol for Developing and Validating a Low-Dimensional Machine Learning Prediction Model.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Leonard, Fiona; Gilligan, John; Barrett, Michael J (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-04-16)
    Introduction: Patients boarding in the Emergency Department can contribute to overcrowding, leading to longer waiting times and patients leaving without being seen or completing their treatment. The early identification of potential admissions could act as an additional decision support tool to alert clinicians that a patient needs to be reviewed for admission and would also be of benefit to bed managers in advance bed planning for the patient. We aim to create a low-dimensional model predicting admissions early from the paediatric Emergency Department. Methods and Analysis: The methodology Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) will be followed. The dataset will comprise of 2 years of data, ~76,000 records. Potential predictors were identified from previous research, comprising of demographics, registration details, triage assessment, hospital usage and past medical history. Fifteen models will be developed comprised of 3 machine learning algorithms (Logistic regression, naïve Bayes and gradient boosting machine) and 5 sampling methods, 4 of which are aimed at addressing class imbalance (undersampling, oversampling, and synthetic oversampling techniques). The variables of importance will then be identified from the optimal model (selected based on the highest Area under the curve) and used to develop an additional low-dimensional model for deployment. Discussion: A low-dimensional model comprised of routinely collected data, captured up to post triage assessment would benefit many hospitals without data rich platforms for the development of models with a high number of predictors. Novel to the planned study is the use of data from the Republic of Ireland and the application of sampling techniques aimed at improving model performance impacted by an imbalance between admissions and discharges in the outcome variable.
  • Associations between Home Environment, Children's and Parents' Characteristics and Children's TV Screen Time Behavior.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Bassul, Carolina; Corish, Clare A; Kearney, John M (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2021-02-08)
    In Ireland, television (TV) screen time is a highly prevalent sedentary behavior among children aged less than five years. Little is known about the influence of parental rules and policies or screen time availability and accessibility within the home on children's TV screen time behaviors. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the extent to which parents' sociodemographic and sedentary behaviors are associated with children's TV screen time; and to determine the associations between parents' rules and practices, home physical environment and children's daily TV viewing. Three hundred and thirty-two children aged 3-5 years and their parents participated in the study. Children's TV screen time and home environmental characteristics (parents' rules and practices and the physical environment) were assessed using questions from standardized and validated questionnaires. The data were analyzed using binary logistic regression. Within the different sedentary behaviors evaluated, parents' TV viewing was positively associated with children's TV screen time (OR 1.65, 95%CI 1.09-2.50, p = 0.018). Leaving the TV on, whether or not it was being watched, was associated with a 38% increased probability of children watching ≥ 1 h TV daily. Children whose parents restricted their outdoor activity were more likely to watch ≥ 1 h TV daily (OR 2.01, 95%CI 1.04-3.88, p = 0.036). Findings from the study demonstrated that parents' own screen time behaviors, leaving the TV on whether it was being watched or not and restricting outdoor play were associated with higher children's TV viewing in the home environment. This knowledge is essential to inform future interventions aimed to address the increase in screen time among young children.
  • Quick Guide for Schools/Childcare Facilities - Management of cases and close contacts of COVID-19

    Health Service Executive (HSE) (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2022-01-18)
  • Teachers' Perceptions and Understanding of Children's Fluid Intake.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Howells, Kristy; Coppinger, Tara (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-06-05)
    No public health data exists on elementary teachers' perceptions of both their own fluid intake and of their elementary school aged children's fluid intake. A total of 271 (20 males, 251 females) teachers in developed areas of Australia, Belgium, England, Ireland, United Arab Emirates, and the United States of America completed an online questionnaire (Feb-Mar 2019) on: (i) their fluid intake, (ii) their perception and understanding of children's fluid intake and (iii) barriers in the school day that they felt prevented school children consuming fluids. Overall, the data indicated that teachers consume considerably lower amounts than recommended themselves, but have a good awareness of children's fluid intake and estimate children drink approximately half (1 litre (34% n = 93)) of what is recommended per day. The results were also similar to those reported by children previously. Yet, the data highlighted a lack of active encouragement of drinking water throughout the school day by teachers, with only 11% (n = 29) suggesting they actively encourage children to drink and 45% (n = 123) reporting no active encouragement at all. It is recommended as a public health measure that all school children consume an extra cup of water during lunch times in those schools where water intake was recognized as sub optimal. Furthermore, depending on weather conditions, a cup of water before, during and after Physical Education lessons should be encouraged by teachers. Water coolers or bottles may be used as a supplementary resource, provided that hygiene is maintained. From an educational perspective, more professional development needs to be provided to teachers on the importance of regular water consumption, and more time dedicated across the elementary curriculum to educational understanding of fluid consumption.
  • A three-wave longitudinal assessment of socioemotional development in a year-long school-based 'gap year'.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Clerkin, Aidan (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2019-02-03)
  • Effect of classroom intervention on student food selection and plate waste: Evidence from a randomized control trial.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Serebrennikov, Dmytro; Katare, Bhagyashree; Kirkham, Lisa; Schmitt, Sara (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-01-09)
  • A Scoping Review of Children and Adolescents' Active Travel in Ireland.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Costa, João; Adamakis, Manolis; O'Brien, Wesley; Martins, João (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-03-18)
  • Vaccine Safety: Myths and Misinformation.

    Geoghegan, Sarah; O'Callaghan, Kevin P; Offit, Paul A (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-03-17)
  • "They Just Need to Come Down a Little Bit to your Level": A Qualitative Study of Parents' Views and Experiences of Early Life Interventions to Promote Healthy Growth and Associated Behaviours.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Hennessy, Marita; Byrne, Molly; Laws, Rachel; Heary, Caroline (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-05-21)
  • Covid-19: guidelines for supporting your child

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Collier, Joanne (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2020-04)
  • Characterization of Adolescent Pregnancy and Legal Abortion in Situations Involving Incest or Sexual Violence by an Unknown Aggressor.

    Health Service Executive (HSE); Bessa, Maria Misrelma Moura; Drezett, Jefferson; Adami, Fernando; Araújo, Sandra Dircinha Teixeira de; Bezerra, Italla Maria Pinheiro; Abreu, Luiz Carlos de (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2019-08-13)
    Background and Objectives: In pregnancies resulting from incest, the adolescent maintains close family and emotional relations with the aggressor, different from what occurs when pregnancy results from sexual violence by strangers. Evidence indicates that this type of relationship with the aggressor may interfere in the dynamics of such violence and the adolescent's access to health services. Materials and Methods: The objective of this research was to describe and correlate aspects associated with pregnancy when resulting from rape of adolescents in situations of incest; rape when perpetrated by an unknown aggressor and an abortion as allowed by law was sought. Method: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study of adolescents treated at the Pérola Byington Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil, bringing an allegation of pregnancy, resulting from sexual violence and a request for abortion as allowed by law. A total of 311 adolescents, being 134 in the "pregnancy from incest group", and 174 in the group "pregnancies resulting from rape by a stranger" were considered under the study variables; relationships were investigated using the chi-squared test and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The study included 137 cases (44.1%) of pregnancy resulting from incest, and 174 cases (55.9%) of pregnancy from rape by a stranger. In cases of incest, a declaration of religion (92.0%) was significantly more frequent, and the adolescents were approached in spaces considered safe or private (92.7%); the aggressor taking advantage of the adolescent's legal condition of vulnerability as a function of age (83.3%). Cases of incest presented a lower median adolescent age and greater gestational development, with gestations being ≥ 13 weeks prevailing. Conclusion: Cases of pregnancy by incest presented indicators suggesting both proximity and relationship with the aggressor, and pregnancy at a very early age, which postponed the adolescent's procurement of health service, and interfered negatively with abortion assistance as allowed by law.

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