• Ebola from the front line [presentation]

      O'Connor, M; Health Service Executive, Department of Public Health (Health Service Executive, 2015-05-13)
    • Ebola Virus disease – an opportunity in crisis?

      Health Service Executive (HSE); Glyn, Ronan; Igoe, D; Boland, M; Department of Public Health Medicine, HSE-East, Dr Steevens’ Hospital, Dublin 8 (Irish Medical Journal, 2015-09)
    • EBOLA – Sierra Leone TONKOLILI DISTRICT January 2015

      O'Connor, M; Public Health, Health Service Executive (O'Connor, M, 2015)
    • Epidemiology and resistance patterns in urinary pathogens from long-term care facilities and GP populations.

      Brabazon, E D; Carton, M; Dornikova, G; Bedford, D; Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive, Dublin North East, Railway St, Navan, Co Meath. elaine.brabazon@hse.ie (2012-06)
      Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a major source of antimicrobial prescribing in the clinical setting and a potential reservoir for the emergence of resistant organisms. Although studies have been published on resistance rates for urinary pathogens from both hospital and general practitioner (GP) settings, there is little information from Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCFs) in Ireland. This study aimed to document the epidemiology and resistance rates in urinary isolates, in the LTCF and GP setting, from samples submitted to a typical microbiology laboratory. In 2010, there were 963 urinary isolates from LTCFs and 1,169 urinary isolates from GPs, identified from patients 65 years and over, with cytology suggestive of infection. E. coil was the most common causative organism identified. There were significantly higher levels of resistance to ampicillin, co-amoxiclav, ciprofloxacin, nitrofurantoin, trimethoprim, and piperacillin/tazobactam in the LTCF population compared to the GP population (e.g. for E. coli, 86%-v-69%; 30%-v- 21%; 58%-v-26%, 10%-v-3%, 68%-v-48%, 10%-v- 4% respectively). Isolates with resistance mechanisms to beta-lactams, were identified in both populations. Results presented in this paper demonstrate significant differences between resistance rates in LTCF and GP populations which suggest that there are implications for empiric antimicrobial prescribing for UTIs in the LTCF setting.
    • Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis (including invasive meningococcal and pneumococcal disease) in the HSE West (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North), 1998 to 2008

      Whyte, Dominic; Callinan, Sinead; O'Dea, Fiona; O'Sullivan, Patrick; Fitzgerald, Rose; Mannix, Mai; Greally, Tessa; Dee, Anne; Department of Public Health, HSE West (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North) (Department of Public Health, HSE West (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North), 2009-04-17)
    • The epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in the MWHB, 1998-2003

      Health Service Executive (HSE) Mid-Western Area (2004)
    • The epidemiology of human gastroenteritis in HSE West (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North) 2001-2008

      Powell, James; Monahan, Regina; O'Connell, Nuala; Barron, Denis; McDonnell, Colm; Whyte, Dominic; Fitzgerald, Rose; Mannix, Mai; Greally, Tessa; Callinan, Sinead; et al. (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2009-06-15)
    • The epidemiology of human gastrointestinal infections in the Health Service Executive West (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North), 2001 to 2007 / R. Monahan ... [et al.]

      Whyte, Dominic; Mannix, Mai; Greally, Tessa; Fitzgerald, Rose; Health Service Executive (HSE) West Dept. of Public Health (Clare, Limerick, Tipperary North) (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2008-07)
    • Examination of Out-of-Hours (OOH) Surgery and Emergency Department (ED) Activity in Selected Hospitals

      Healy, Dr Orla; De La Harpe, Dr Davida; O Hora, Dr Aidan (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2009-01)
    • Exploring the option of introducing a Food Traffic Light System into HSE Sites

      Cosgrove, Catherine; Crawford, Joan; Hegarty, Heather; Lawless, Agatha (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2017-09)
    • Factors predicting completion in a cohort of opiate users entering a detoxification programme.

      Mullen, Louise; Keenan, Eamon; Barry, Joseph; Long, Jean; Mulholland, Deirdre; Grogan, Loretto; Delargy, Ide; Strategic Health Planning, Population Health Directorate, Dr. Steeven's Hospital, HSE, Dublin 8, Ireland. Louise.mullen@hse.ie (2010-12)
      To determine the outcome and factors influencing outcome among a cohort of drug users commencing detoxification from opiate use.
    • The farming population in Ireland: mortality trends during the 'Celtic Tiger' years.

      Smyth, Breda; Evans, David S; Kelly, Alan; Cullen, Louise; O'Donovan, Diarmuid; 1 Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive West, Merlin Park Hospital, Galway, Republic of Ireland. (2012-03-21)
      Background Although the Irish farming population is a significant occupational group, analysis of their mortality patterns is limited. This study compared mortality trends with other occupational groups and assessed the impact of socio-economic factors. Methods Population and mortality data (2000-06) were obtained to calculate standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) by cause of death and matched with socio-economic data. The extent to which variation in mortality was explained by variations in the socio-economic data was determined using multiple regression. Results Farmers and agricultural workers experienced the highest levels of mortality for all causes of death (2000-06). Farmers are 5.14 times more likely and agricultural workers are 7.35 times more likely to die from any cause of death than the lowest risk group. Circulatory disease is a significant cause of mortality among farmers [SMR = 215.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 201.83-229.98]. Other significant causes include cancers (SMR = 156.60, CI = 146.73-166.48) and injuries and poisonings (SMR = 149.69, CI = 135.44-163.93). Agricultural workers have similar mortality trends: circulatory disease (SMR = 226.27; CI = 192.45-260.08), cancers (SMR = 221.44; CI = 193.88-249.00), and injuries and poisonings (SMR = 353.90; CI = 302.48-405.32). From 2000 to 2006, SMRs increased incrementally. Multiple regression identified farm size and income poverty risk as predictors of mortality. Conclusion Irish farmers and agricultural workers have experienced a reversal of mortality trends compared to the 1980s and 1990s. Policies should target them as a high-risk group.
    • A Focus on Alcohol & Health in Cork and Kerry

      Health Service Executive (HSE) South (Cork & Kerry), Department of Public Health (Health Service Executive (HSE) South (Cork & Kerry), Department of Public Health, 2019-05-29)
    • Framework for the development of a diabetic retinopathy screening programme for Ireland

      Health Service Executive (HSE) National Retinopathy Screening Committee; Health Service Executive (HSE) Expert Advisory Group on Diabetes; Irish College of Ophthalmologists (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2008-10)
    • Galway Alcohol Related Harm Profile 2017

      Health Service Executive (HSE), Ms, D Goggin, Ms L Cullen, Ms J O’Kane, Ms A Sheridan, Ms M Murphy, Dr. D O’Donovan, Dr. C Mason Mohan.; Alcohol Forum, Mr K Doherty, Ms P Leonard (2017-05)
    • Galway alcohol-related harm profile 2019

      Goggin, Deirdre; Cullen, Louise; O'Kane, Joan; O'Donovan, Diarmuid; Mason Mohan, Caroline; Health Profile Working Group; Health Service Executive (HSE) (Health Service Executive (HSE), 2019-07)
    • General practice out-of-hours service in Ireland provides a new source of syndromic surveillance data on influenza.

      Brabazon, E D; Carton, M W; Murray, C; Hederman, L; Bedford, D; Department of Public Health, Health Service Executive Dublin North East, Navan, County Meath, Ireland. elaine.brabazon@hse.ie (2010)
      The use of routinely available electronic sources of healthcare data on the spread of influenza has the potential to enhance current surveillance activities. This study aimed to develop a method for identifying influenza-related records from general practitioner(GP) out-of-hours (OOH) services in Ireland. Data from one such service were interrogated for keywords relating to influenza-like illness (ILI) and a proxy measure of influenza activity in the community setting was developed. Comparison of this syndromic surveillance measure with national data on ILI consultation rates demonstrated a statistically significant temporal correlation.In five out of six influenza seasons investigated,peaks in the GP OOH influenza-related calls appeared at least one week ahead of peaks in the national ILI consultation rates. The method described in this paper has been extended to nine OOH services in Ireland (covering 70% of the Irish population) to provide weekly figures on self-reported illness for influenza in the community and its data have been incorporated into the national weekly influenza reports produced by the Health Protection Surveillance Centre. These data should provide early warnings of both seasonal and pandemic influenza in Ireland.
    • Geographical Information Systems (GIS): practical applications in Public Health

      Leane, Gemma; Roch, BethAnn (Health Service Executive (HSE) South (South East), Department of Public Health, 2005-12)