• Patient Empowerment Using Electronic Telemonitoring With Telephone Support in the Transition to Insulin Therapy in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Observational, Pre-Post, Mixed Methods Study.

      McGloin, Helen; O'Connell, Dympna; Glacken, Michele; Mc Sharry, Patsy; Healy, Denise; Winters-O'Donnell, Lisa; Crerand, Kathleen; Gavaghan, Anne; Doherty, Louise (2020-05-14)
      An observational, pre-post, multimethod, and triangulation design was employed to study a 12-week automated electronic telemonitoring intervention with telephone support from a diabetes clinical nurse specialist (CNS). Forty patients were recruited from the clinic as they were about to commence insulin therapy. In the quantitative arm, biometric data (hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] and weight) and psychosocial data (diabetes empowerment scale [DES] scores and diabetes distress scale [DDS] scores) were gathered by the research team at baseline (T1), the end of the intervention (T2), and 3 months postintervention (T3). Data on hospital admission and general practitioner (GP) visits were collected for the duration of the study. In the qualitative arm, separate focus group interviews were conducted with the CNS team supporting the intervention (n=2) and patients (n=16).