Anaesthesia for parturients with severe cystic fibrosis: a case series.
AffiliationDepartment of Anaesthetics, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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CitationAnaesthesia for parturients with severe cystic fibrosis: a case series. 2014, 23 (1):75-9 Int J Obstet Anesth
JournalInternational journal of obstetric anesthesia
AbstractCystic fibrosis affects 1 in 1600-2500 live births and is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. It primarily involves the respiratory, gastrointestinal and reproductive tracts, with impaired clearance of, and obstruction by, increasingly viscous secretions. Severe respiratory disease, diabetes and gastro-oesophageal reflux may result. Improvements in medical management and survival of cystic fibrosis patients means more are committing to pregnancies. Although guidance for anaesthesia in this patient group is available, management and outcome data associated with more severe cases are sparse. Patients with severe cystic fibrosis require multidisciplinary input and should be managed in a tertiary referral centre. Close monitoring of respiratory function and preoperative optimisation during pregnancy are mandatory. The risk of preterm labour and delivery is increased. Pregnancy and delivery can be managed successfully, even in patients with FEV1 <40% predicted. Neuraxial anaesthesia and analgesia should be the technique of choice for delivery. Postoperative care should be carried out in a critical care setting with the provision of postoperative ventilation if necessary.