Publications produced by the HSE's Health and Well Being Division and those produced by individuals working in the Division

Recent Submissions

  • Extraction of Protein from Four Different Seaweeds Using Three Different Physical Pre-Treatment Strategies.

    O' Connor, Jack; Meaney, Steve; Williams, Gwilym A; Hayes, Maria (2020-04-24)
    Seaweeds are a rich source of protein and can contain up to 47% on the dry weight basis. It is challenging to extract proteins from the raw biomass of seaweed due to resilient cell-wall complexes. Four species of macroalgae were used in this study-two brown, Fucus vesiculosus and Alaria esculenta, and two red, Palmaria palmata and Chondrus crispus. Three treatments were applied individually to the macroalgal species: (I) high-pressure processing (HPP); (II) laboratory autoclave processing and (III) a classical sonication and salting out method. The protein, ash and lipid contents of the resulting extracts were estimated. Yields of protein recovered ranged from 3.2% for Fucus vesiculosus pre-treated with high pressure processing to 28.9% protein recovered for Chondrus crispus treated with the classical method. The yields of protein recovered using the classical, HPP and autoclave pre-treatments applied to Fucus vesiculosus were 35.1, 23.7% and 24.3%, respectively; yields from Alaria esculenta were 18.2%, 15.0% and 17.1% respectively; yields from Palmaria palmata were 12.5%, 14.9% and 21.5% respectively, and finally, yields from Chondrus crispus were 35.2%, 16.1% and 21.9%, respectively. These results demonstrate that while macroalgal proteins may be extracted using either physical or enzymatic methods, the specific extraction procedure should be tailored to individual species.
  • Consumption of a soy drink has no effect on cognitive function but may alleviate vasomotor symptoms in post-menopausal women; a randomised trial.

    Furlong, Orlaith N; Parr, Heather J; Hodge, Stephanie J; Slevin, Mary M; Simpson, Ellen E; McSorley, Emeir M; McCormack, Jacqueline M; Magee, Pamela J (2019-03-12)
  • Assessment of Radiation Dose from the Consumption of Bottled Drinking Water in Japan.

    Kinahan, Aoife; Hosoda, Masahiro; Kelleher, Kevin; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo; Akata, Naofumi; Tokonami, Shinji; Currivan, Lorraine; León Vintró, Luis (2020-07-11)
    Activity concentrations of 234U, 235U, 238U, 226Ra, 228Ra, 222Rn, 210Po, 210Pb, 40K, 3H, 14C, 134Cs and 137Cs were determined in 20 different Japanese bottled drinking water commercially available in Japan. The origins of the mineral water samples were geographically distributed across different regions of Japan. Activity concentrations above detection limits were measured for the radionuclides 234U, 235U, 238U, 226Ra, 228Ra and 210Po. An average total annual effective dose due to ingestion was estimated for adults, based on the average annual volume of bottled water consumed in Japan in 2019, reported to be 31.7 L/y per capita. The estimated dose was found to be below the recommended World Health Organisation (WHO) guidance level of 0.1 mSv/y for drinking water quality. The most significant contributor to the estimated dose was 228Ra.
  • Comparative analysis of Lactobacillus gasseri from Chinese subjects reveals a new species-level taxa.

    Zhou, Xingya; Yang, Bo; Stanton, Catherine; Ross, R Paul; Zhao, Jianxin; Zhang, Hao; Chen, Wei (2020-02-03)
  • Advancing the Role of Food Processing for Improved Integration in Sustainable Food Chains.

    Knorr, Dietrich; Augustin, Mary Ann; Tiwari, Brijesh (2020-04-03)
  • Game of Stones: feasibility randomised controlled trial of how to engage men with obesity in text message and incentive interventions for weight loss.

    Dombrowski, Stephan U; McDonald, Matthew; van der Pol, Marjon; Grindle, Mark; Avenell, Alison; Carroll, Paula; Calveley, Eileen; Elders, Andrew; Glennie, Nicola; Gray, Cindy M; et al. (2020-02-25)
  • Agreement between An Inertia and Optical Based Motion Capture during the VU-Return-to-Play- Field-Test.

    Richter, Chris; Daniels, Katherine A J; King, Enda; Franklyn-Miller, Andrew (2020-02-04)
    The validity of an inertial sensor-based motion capture system (IMC) has not been examined within the demands of a sports-specific field movement test. This study examined the validity of an IMC during a field test (VU®) by comparing it to an optical marker-based motion capture system (MMC). Expected accuracy and precision benchmarks were computed by comparing the outcomes of a linear and functional joint fitting model within the MMC. The kinematics from the IMC in sagittal plane demonstrated correlations (r2) between 0.76 and 0.98 with root mean square differences (RMSD) < 5, only the knee bias was within the benchmark. In the frontal plane, r2 ranged between 0.13 and 0.80 with RMSD < 10, while the knee and hip bias was within the benchmark. For the transversal plane, r2 ranged 0.11 to 0.93 with RMSD < 7, while the ankle, knee and hip bias remained within the benchmark. The findings indicate that ankle kinematics are not interchangeable with MMC, that hip flexion and pelvis tilt higher in IMC than MMC, while other measures are comparable to MMC. Higher pelvis tilt/hip flexion in the IMC can be explained by a one sensor tilt estimation, while ankle kinematics demonstrated a considerable level of disagreement, which is likely due to four reasons: A one sensor estimation, sensor/marker attachment, movement artefacts of shoe sole and the ankle model used.
  • NAuRA: Genomic Tool to Identify Staphylococcal Enterotoxins in Strains Responsible for FoodBorne Outbreaks.

    Merda, Déborah; Felten, Arnaud; Vingadassalon, Noémie; Denayer, Sarah; Titouche, Yacine; Decastelli, Lucia; Hickey, Bernadette; Kourtis, Christos; Daskalov, Hristo; Mistou, Michel-Yves; et al. (2020-06-30)
  • Pain and Function in the Runner a Ten (din) uous Link.

    Francis, Peter; Thornley, Isobel; Jones, Ashley; Johnson, Mark I (2020-01-07)
    A male runner (30 years old; 10-km time: 33 min, 46 sec) had been running with suspected insertional Achilles tendinopathy (AT) for ~2 years when the pain reached a threshold that prevented running. Diagnostic ultrasound (US), prior to a high-volume stripping injection, confirmed right-sided medial insertional AT. The athlete failed to respond to injection therapy and ceased running for a period of 5 weeks. At the beginning of this period, the runner completed the Victoria institute of sports assessment-Achilles questionnaire (VISA-A), the foot and ankle disability index (FADI), and FADI sport prior to undergoing an assessment of bi-lateral gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscle architecture (muscle thickness (MT) and pennation angle (PA); US), muscle contractile properties (maximal muscle displacement (Dm) and contraction time (Tc); Tensiomyography (TMG)) and calf endurance (40 raises/min). VISA-A and FADI scores were 59%/100% and 102/136 respectively. Compared to the left leg, the right GM had a lower MT (1.60 cm vs. 1.74 cm), a similar PA (22.0° vs. 21.0°), a lower Dm (1.2 mm vs. 2.0 mm) and Tc (16.5 ms vs. 17.7 ms). Calf endurance was higher in the right leg compared to the left (48 vs. 43 raises). The athlete began a metronome-guided (15 BPM), 12-week progressive eccentric training protocol using a weighted vest (1.5 kg increments per week), while receiving six sessions of shockwave therapy concurrently (within 5 weeks). On returning to running, the athlete kept daily pain (Numeric Rating Scale; NRS) and running scores (miles*rate of perceived exertion (RPE)). Foot and ankle function improved according to scores recorded on the VISA-A (59% vs. 97%) and FADI (102 vs. 127/136). Improvements in MT (1.60 cm vs. 1.76 cm) and PA (22.0° vs. 24.8°) were recorded via US. Improvements in Dm (1.15 mm vs. 1.69 mm) and Tc (16.5 ms vs. 15.4 ms) were recorded via TMG. Calf endurance was lower in both legs and the asymmetry between legs remained (L: 31, R: 34). Pain intensity (mean weekly NRS scores) decreased between week 1 and week 12 (6.6 vs. 2.9), while running scores increased (20 vs. 38) during the same period. The program was maintained up to week 16 at which point mean weekly NRS was 2.2 and running score was 47.
  • Phytochemicals of Epling and Their Health-Promoting Bioactivities.

    Faraone, Immacolata; Russo, Daniela; Chiummiento, Lucia; Fernandez, Eloy; Choudhary, Alka; Monné, Magnus; Milella, Luigi; Rai, Dilip K (2020-02-01)
    The genus Minthostachys belonging to the Lamiaceae family, and is an important South American mint genus used commonly in folk medicine as an aroma in cooking. The phytochemical-rich samples of the aerial parts of Minthostachys diffusa Epling. were tested for pharmacological and health-promoting bioactivities using in vitro chemical and enzymatic assays. A range of radical scavenging activities of the samples against biological radicals such as nitric oxide and superoxide anion and against synthetic 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radicals, the ferric reducing antioxidant power and the lipid peroxidation inhibition were determined and ranked using the 'relative antioxidant capacity index' (RACI). The ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest RACI of +1.12. Analysis of the various fractions' inhibitory ability against enzymes involved in diabetes (α-amylase and α-glucosidase), and against enzymes associated with Parkinson's or Alzheimer's diseases (acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase) also suggested that the ethyl acetate fraction was the most active. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of the ethyl acetate fraction showed more than 30 polyphenolic compounds, including triterpenes. The inhibitory cholinesterase effects of the triterpenes identified from M. diffusa were further analysed by in silico docking of these compounds into 3D-structures of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase. This is the first study on pharmacological activities and phytochemical profiling of the aerial parts of M. diffusa, showing that this plant, normally used as food in South America, is also rich in health-promoting phytochemicals.
  • Glucocorticoids in elite sport: current status, controversies and innovative management strategies-a narrative review.

    Vernec, Alan; Slack, Andrew; Harcourt, Peter Rex; Budgett, Richard; Duclos, Martine; Kinahan, Audrey; Mjøsund, Katja; Strasburger, Christian J (2019-07-20)
  • Microbiome definition re-visited: old concepts and new challenges.

    Berg, Gabriele; Rybakova, Daria; Fischer, Doreen; Cernava, Tomislav; Vergès, Marie-Christine Champomier; Charles, Trevor; Chen, Xiaoyulong; Cocolin, Luca; Eversole, Kellye; Corral, Gema Herrero; et al. (2020-06-30)
  • Guidance on Fitness for Work of Healthcare Workers in the Higher Risk Categories, including Pregnant Healthcare Workers

    Workplace Health & Wellbeing Unit; Clinical Advisory Group on COVID-19; Health Service Executive (Health Service Executive, 2021-04-16)
  • COVID-19 Testing Protocol for Healthcare Workers Moving to a Different Service [v3.0]

    Workplace Health & Wellbeing Unit (Health Service Executive, 2020-11-18)
  • The Global State of the Genetic Counseling Profession.

    Abacan, MaryAnn; Alsubaie, Lamia; Barlow-Stewart, Kristine; Caanen, Beppy; Cordier, Christophe; Courtney, Eliza; Davoine, Emeline; Edwards, Janice; Elackatt, Niby J; Gardiner, Kate; et al. (2018-10-05)
  • Cross-sectional association of dietary water intakes and sources, and adiposity: National Adult Nutrition Survey, the Republic of Ireland.

    Walton, Janette; O'Connor, Laura; Flynn, Albert (2018-03-29)
    Cross-sectional study of 1500 adults aged 18-90 years (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey, 2008-2010). Total water intake and its sources were estimated using food records. Associations of total water, drinking water, beverage moisture and food moisture intakes split by tertile, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), and bio-impedance derived body fat (%) were evaluated using covariate-adjusted linear regression analyses including adjustment for energy intake and energy expenditure.
  • Precision Nutrition and the Microbiome Part II: Potential Opportunities and Pathways to Commercialisation.

    Mills, Susan; Lane, Jonathan A; Smith, Graeme J; Grimaldi, Keith A; Ross, R Paul; Stanton, Catherine (2019-06-27)

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