The influence of ventilation tube design on the magnitude of stress imposed at the implant/tympanic membrane interface.
AffiliationTrinity Centre for Bioengineering, School of Engineering, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
MeSHAnalysis of Variance
Finite Element Analysis
Middle Ear Ventilation
Otitis Media with Effusion
Prostheses and Implants
MetadataShow full item record
CitationThe influence of ventilation tube design on the magnitude of stress imposed at the implant/tympanic membrane interface. 2008, 30 (2):154-63 Med Eng Phys
JournalMedical engineering & physics
AbstractThe design of ventilation tubes or grommets is thought to have a considerable influence on their performance. A computational model (finite element method) was used to investigate the significance of four design parameters of a commonly used design of ventilation tube. The design parameters were: the length of the shaft, the diameter of the flanges, the thickness of the flanges, and the material type. A statistical analysis technique, known as a factorial analysis of variance, was used to examine the importance of the four design parameters on the dynamical behaviour of the middle ear with the implant in situ and on the magnitude of stress induced at the implant/tympanic membrane interface. We predicted that the ventilation tube alters the frequency response of the middle ear; specifically the shaft length and the thickness of the flanges were found to have a significant effect upon the vibratory pattern at the umbo. A reduced length of tube and an increased size of flange were also found to be significant for minimising membrane stress (both with P<0.001). Thus, design parameters of critical influence on optimising performance were identified.
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