Adipophilin distribution and colocalization with lipid droplets in skeletal muscle.
AffiliationExercise Metabolism Research Group, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
Muscle Fibers, Skeletal
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CitationAdipophilin distribution and colocalization with lipid droplets in skeletal muscle. 2009, 131 (5):575-81 Histochem. Cell Biol.
PublisherHistochemistry and cell biology
JournalHistochemistry and cell biology
AbstractIntramyocellular lipids (IMCL) are stored as discrete lipid droplets which are associated with a number of proteins. The lipid droplet-associated protein adipophilin (the human orthologue of adipose differentiation-related protein) is ubiquitously expressed and is one of the predominant lipid droplet-proteins in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate the subcellular distribution of adipophilin in human muscle fibres and to measure the colocalization of adipophilin with IMCL. Muscle biopsies from six lean male cyclists (BMI 23.4 +/- 0.4, aged 31 +/- 2 years, W (max) 346 +/- 8) were stained for myosin heavy chain type 1, IMCL, adipophilin and mitochondria using immunofluorescence and viewed with widefield and confocal fluorescence microscopy. The present study shows that like IMCL, the adipophilin content is ~twofold greater in type I skeletal muscle fibres and is situated in the areas between the mitochondrial network. Colocalization analysis demonstrated that 61 +/- 2% of IMCL contain adipophilin. Although the majority of adipophilin is contained within IMCL, 36 +/- 4% of adipophilin is not associated with IMCL. In conclusion, this study indicates that the IMCL pool is heterogeneous, as the majority but not all IMCL contain adipophilin.