AffiliationAcademic Department of Endocrinology, Beaumont Hospital and RCSI Medical School, Beaumont Road, Dublin 9, Ireland. firstname.lastname@example.org
Endocrine System Diseases
Inappropriate ADH Syndrome
Nervous System Diseases
MetadataShow full item record
CitationDifferential diagnosis of hyponatraemia. 2012, 26 Suppl 1:S7-15 Best Pract. Res. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
JournalBest practice & research. Clinical endocrinology & metabolism
AbstractThe appropriate management of hyponatraemia is reliant on the accurate identification of the underlying cause of the hyponatraemia. In the light of evidence which has shown that the use of a clinical algorithm appears to improve accuracy in the differential diagnosis of hyponatraemia, the European Hyponatraemia Network considered the use of two algorithms. One was developed from a nephrologist's view of hyponatraemia, while the other reflected the approach of an endocrinologist. Both of these algorithms concurred on the importance of assessing effective blood volume status and the measurement of urine sodium concentration in the diagnostic process. To demonstrate the importance of accurate diagnosis to the correct treatment of hyponatraemia, special consideration was given to hyponatraemia in neurosurgical patients. The differentiation between the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), acute adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency, fluid overload and cerebral salt-wasting syndrome was discussed. In patients with SIADH, fluid restriction has been the mainstay of treatment despite the absence of an evidence base for its use. An approach to using fluid restriction to raise serum tonicity in patients with SIADH and to identify patients who are likely to be recalcitrant to fluid restriction was also suggested.
- [Hyponatraemia in patients with neurosurgical disorders: SIADH or cerebral salt wasting syndrome?].
- Authors: Frey FJ
- Issue date: 2009 Nov
- Perspectives on the management of hyponatraemia secondary to SIADH across Europe.
- Authors: Hoorn EJ, Bouloux PM, Burst V
- Issue date: 2012 Mar
- Clinical laboratory evaluation of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
- Authors: Decaux G, Musch W
- Issue date: 2008 Jul
- Diagnosis and management of hyponatraemia in hospitalised patients.
- Authors: Reddy P, Mooradian AD
- Issue date: 2009 Oct