Acute superior vena caval syndrome with airway obstruction following elective mediastinoscopy.
AffiliationDepartment of Anaesthetics, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Ireland.
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/diagnosis/*etiology
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CitationAnaesthesia. 1997 Oct;52(10):989-92.
AbstractA 47-year-old female patient had a subclinical superior vena caval syndrome which developed into the 'full blown' acute condition when she was placed into the left lateral position after mediastinoscopy. She developed airway obstruction requiring urgent re-intubation and subsequent admission to the intensive care unit. This subclinical condition might have been suspected pre-operatively if closer attention had been paid to the history, physical examination and review of the computerised axial tomography scan: she had a history of intermittent dysponea, wheeze and cough which was worse on waking and improved as the day progressed, she had a positive Pemberton's sign and the computerised axial tomography scan showed that the lesion was encroaching on the superior vena cava.