The biomechanical evaluation of polyester as a tension band for the internal fixation of patellar fractures.
AffiliationCork University Hospital, Ireland.
Fracture Fixation, Internal/*methods
MetadataShow full item record
CitationJ Med Eng Technol. 1999 Mar-Apr;23(2):53-6.
JournalJournal of medical engineering & technology
AbstractWe use a braided polyester suture in place of cerclage wire in tension band fixations. The objective of this study was to test the biomechanical properties of this technique. Sixteen cadaveric patellae were fractured and repaired by modified tension band fixation. Eight were fixed using eighteen gauge stainless steel wire as a tension band and eight using braided polyester. All specimens were subjected to tensile testing. Polyester was 75.0% as strong as wire. For dynamic testing, the patellae of seven cadaveric knees were fractured and then fixed with polyester tension bands. These were mounted in a device capable of extending the knees from 90 degrees to neutral against an applied force. None of the fixations failed. Three of the specimens fixed using 18 gauge stainless steel wire were compared with three fixed using polyester over 2000 cycles of knee flexion and extension. Polyester performed as well as wire. We conclude that polyester is an acceptable alternative to wire in tension band fixation.