The effects of EMLA and a topical formulation of 4% amethocaine (Ametop) on pain associated with retrobulbar injection.
AffiliationDepartment of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Cork University Hospital, and University College Cork, Wilton, Ireland.
Aged, 80 and over
Pain/prevention & control
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAnaesthesia. 1999 Jun;54(6):596-8.
AbstractRetrobulbar block is commonly performed to provide anaesthesia for cataract extraction. This technique can cause significant discomfort. A prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was carried out to investigate the efficacy of a eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics (EMLA) and a 4% amethocaine topical formulation (Ametop) in reducing the pain of retrobulbar injection. Ametop and EMLA proved to be of similar efficacy, both being superior to a placebo in alleviating the discomfort of retrobulbar block. No significant side-effects were observed with the use of either formulation.
- A comparison of amethocaine cream with lignocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLA) for reducing pain during retrobulbar injection.
- Authors: Joyce PW, Sunderraj P, Villada J, Kirby J, Watson A
- Issue date: 1994
- Topical amethocaine (Ametop) is superior to EMLA for intravenous cannulation. Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics.
- Authors: Browne J, Awad I, Plant R, McAdoo J, Shorten G
- Issue date: 1999 Nov
- EMLA does not permit pain-free retrobulbar injection.
- Authors: Kuvaki B, Gökmen N, Günenç F, Ceyhan Kara H, Uzümlü H, Ozden G, Söylev M, Gökel E
- Issue date: 2003 Jul
- A double-masked evaluation of lignocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLA) used to alleviate the pain of retrobulbar injection.
- Authors: Sunderraj P, Kirby J, Joyce PW, Watson A
- Issue date: 1991 Mar
- A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, comparative study of topical skin analgesics and the anxiety and discomfort associated with venous cannulation.
- Authors: Speirs AF, Taylor KH, Joanes DN, Girdler NM
- Issue date: 2001 Apr 28