The effect of aprotinin on hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced changes in neutrophil and endothelial function.
AffiliationCork University Hospital, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, , Cork, Ireland. firstname.lastname@example.org
MeSHAnalysis of Variance
Cell Adhesion/drug effects/physiology
Cell Adhesion Molecules/drug effects/metabolism
Endothelium, Vascular/*drug effects/metabolism
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/drug effects/metabolism
MetadataShow full item record
CitationEur J Anaesthesiol. 2004 Dec;21(12):973-9.
JournalEuropean journal of anaesthesiology
AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An acute inflammatory response associated with cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion contributes to the development of brain injury. Aprotinin has potential, though unexplained, neuroprotective effects in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Human neutrophil CD11 b/CD18, endothelial cell intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and endothelial interleukin (IL)-1beta supernatant concentrations in response to in vitro hypoxia-reoxygenation was studied in the presence or absence of aprotinin (1600 KIU mL(-1)). Adhesion molecule expression was quantified using flow cytometry and IL-1beta concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were analysed using ANOVA and post hoc Student-Newman-Keuls test as appropriate. RESULTS: Exposure to 60-min hypoxia increased neutrophil CD11b expression compared to normoxia (170+/-46% vs. 91+/-27%, P = 0.001) (percent intensity of fluorescence compared to time 0) (n = 8). Hypoxia (60 min) produced greater upregulation of CD11b expression in controls compared to aprotinin-treated neutrophils [(170+/-46% vs. 129+/-40%) (P = 0.04)] (n = 8). Hypoxia-reoxygenation increased endothelial cell ICAM-1 expression (155+/-3.7 vs. 43+/-21 mean channel fluorescence, P = 0.0003) and IL-1beta supernatant concentrations compared to normoxia (3.4+/-0.4 vs. 2.6+/-0.2, P = 0.02) (n = 3). Hypoxia-reoxygenation produced greater upregulation of ICAM- 1 expression [(155+/-3.3 vs. 116+/-0.7) (P = 0.001)] and IL-1beta supernatant concentrations [(3.4+/-0.3 vs. 2.6+/-0.1) (P = 0.01)] in controls compared to aprotinin-treated endothelial cell preparation (n = 3). CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced upregulation of neutrophil CD11b, endothelial cell ICAM-1 expression and IL-1beta concentrations is decreased by aprotinin at clinically relevant concentrations.
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