Comparison in maternal body composition between Caucasian Irish and Indian women.
AffiliationUCD Centre for Human Reproduction, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, , Dublin, Ireland. firstname.lastname@example.org
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/*ethnology
Body Mass Index
European Continental Ancestry Group/*ethnology
Pregnancy Trimester, First/*physiology
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CitationJ Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 Aug;31(6):483-5.
JournalJournal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of, Obstetrics and Gynaecology
AbstractThe use of body mass index (BMI) for the diagnosis of obesity has limitations, especially when comparing ethnic groups with different body proportions. The aim of this prospective study was to compare maternal body composition in early pregnancy between Caucasian Irish and Indian women. A total of 81 Indian women and 81 Irish Caucasian women were matched for age, parity and BMI. Maternal weight and height were measured, and body composition analysed using bioelectrical impedance. The Irish women were taller and weighed more than the Indian women (p<0.001). At any given BMI, the Indian women had a higher total body fat percentage, visceral fat level and high fat percentage than the Irish women (p=0.024, 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). Our findings suggest that lower BMI cut-offs should be used for screening for gestational diabetes mellitus in Indian women attending our antenatal services.
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