Hematological abnormalities in adult patients with Down's syndrome.
AffiliationDepartment of Haematology, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Incorporating the, National Children's Hospital, Tallaght, D24, Dublin, Ireland. Smclean81@yahoo.com
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CitationIr J Med Sci. 2009 Mar;178(1):35-8. Epub 2008 Nov 20.
JournalIrish journal of medical science
AbstractBACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data regarding hematological abnormalities in adults with Down's syndrome (DS). AIMS: We aimed to characterize hematological abnormalities in adult patients with DS and determine their long-term significance. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of nine DS patients referred to the adult hematology service in our institution between May 2001 and April 2008. Data collected were: full blood count (FBC), comorbidities, investigations performed, duration of follow-up and outcome to most recent follow-up. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 26 months (9-71). Of the nine patients, two had myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) at presentation. Of these, one progressed, with increasing marrow failure, and requiring support with transfusions and gCSF. The remaining eight patients, with a variety of hematological abnormalities including leukopenia, macrocytosis, and thrombocytopenia, had persistently abnormal FBCs. However there was no evidence of progression, and no patient has evolved to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). CONCLUSIONS: MDS is a complication of DS and may require supportive therapy. However, minor hematological abnormalities are common in adult DS patients, and may not signify underlying marrow disease.