Rapid effects of phytoestrogens on human colonic smooth muscle are mediated by oestrogen receptor beta.
AffiliationInstitute for Clinical Outcomes Research and Education, St. Vincent's University , Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland. Aislinghogan@yahoo.com
Estradiol/analogs & derivatives/pharmacology
Estrogen Receptor beta/antagonists & inhibitors/*metabolism
Muscle Contraction/drug effects
Muscle, Smooth/*drug effects/*metabolism
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/pharmacology
Reproducibility of Results
Tissue Survival/drug effects
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMol Cell Endocrinol. 2010 May 14;320(1-2):106-10. Epub 2010 Jan 28.
JournalMolecular and cellular endocrinology
AbstractEpidemiological studies have correlated consumption of dietary phytoestrogens with beneficial effects on colon, breast and prostate cancers. Genomic and non-genomic mechanisms are responsible for anti-carcinogenic effects but, until now, the effect on human colon was assumed to be passive and remote. No direct effect on human colonic smooth muscle has previously been described. Institutional research board approval was granted. Histologically normal colon was obtained from the proximal resection margin of colorectal carcinoma specimens. Circular smooth muscle strips were microdissected and suspended under 1g of tension in organ baths containing oxygenated Krebs solution at 37 degrees C. After an equilibration period, tissues were exposed to diarylpropionitrile (DPN) (ER beta agonist) and 1,3,5-tris(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-propyl-1H-pyrazole (PPT) (ER alpha agonist) or to the synthetic phytoestrogen compounds genistein (n=8), daidzein (n=8), fisetin (n=8) and quercetin (n=8) in the presence or absence of fulvestrant (oestrogen receptor antagonist). Mechanism of action was investigated by inhibition of downstream pathways. The cholinergic agonist carbachol was used to induce contractile activity. Tension was recorded isometrically. Phytoestrogens inhibit carbachol-induced colonic contractility. In keeping with a non-genomic, rapid onset direct action, the effect was within minutes, reversible and similar to previously described actions of 17 beta oestradiol. No effect was seen in the presence of fulvestrant indicating receptor modulation. While the DPN exerted inhibitory effects, PPT did not. The effect appears to be reliant on a p38/mitogen activated protein kinase mediated induction of nitric oxide production in colonic smooth muscle. The present data set provides the first description of a direct effect of genistein, daidzein, fisetin and quercetin on human colonic smooth muscle. The presence of ER in colonic smooth muscle has been functionally proven and the beta isoform appears to play a predominant role in exerting non-genomic effects.