Predictors of early arrival at the emergency department in acute ischaemic stroke.
AffiliationDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Mercy University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.
Aged, 80 and over
Brain Ischemia/*diagnosis/*drug therapy
*Emergency Service, Hospital
Health Services Accessibility
*Transportation of Patients
MetadataShow full item record
CitationIr J Med Sci. 2011 Jun;180(2):401-5. Epub 2011 Feb 6.
JournalIrish journal of medical science
AbstractBACKGROUND: A requirement of an effective acute stroke service is the early arrival of patients to the hospital emergency department (ED). This will allow the possible use of thrombolytic therapy or other acute interventions within a limited time window. AIMS: We investigated the predictors of early arrival in a single hospital serving a mixed urban and rural catchment area. METHODS: A retrospective review of all case notes for 1 year was performed. RESULTS: Of 105 acute strokes, 91 were cerebral infarcts and a total of 71 cases presenting initially to the ED had timing available for analysis. 39.4% presented within 3 h, and 12.7% were potentially suitable for thrombolysis. Those living closer to the hospital were not more likely to arrive within 3 h (Z = -0.411, p = 0.68). Presenting directly to the hospital by emergency services (or private transport) was significantly associated with early arrival in a univariate comparison (p < 0.001), and in a multivariate model. CONCLUSION: The only independent predictor of early arrival to the ED is direct presentation. Improved public education of the importance of recognition of stroke symptoms and rapid contact with the emergency services will improve the early attendance following acute stroke, allowing increased use of acute stroke treatments.