Gitelman's syndrome in pregnancy: case report and review of the literature.
AffiliationThe ANU Research Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University, College Cork, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork., Fergus.email@example.com
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CitationNephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Apr;25(4):1338-40. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
JournalNephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European, Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
AbstractGitelman's syndrome (GS), a rare renal disorder, results in hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypocalciuria and a metabolic alkalosis. It is unclear if an alteration in management is necessary or beneficial during pregnancy. A 32-year-old woman with GS was managed in her second pregnancy. Antenatally, the patient required 39 (principally day case) admissions to the hospital for intravenous (IV) therapy and received a cumulative total of 47 l of IV 0.9% saline solution, 47 doses of 20 mmol magnesium chloride and 46 doses of 80 mmol potassium chloride. She delivered a 2940-g female infant in excellent condition by caesarean section. We would suggest that close attention to maternal weight gain during pregnancy is an easily available clinical tool to assess adequacy of fluid and electrolyte repletion in this condition.
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