• Meta-analysis of timolol on diurnal and nighttime intraocular pressure and blood pressure.

      Lee, Princeton Wen-Yuan; Doyle, Aoife; Stewart, Jeanette A; Kristoffersen, Caroline J; Stewart, William C; Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. (2012-02-01)
      PURPOSE: To evaluate the nighttime intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure (BP) response to timolol treatment in patients with ocular hypertension or primary open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: This was a meta-analysis of previously published studies that must have been randomized, prospective, crossover or parallel, single or double-masked trials. The treatment period must have been >/=2 weeks with >/=19 patients per treatment arm for a crossover, and >/=50 patients for a parallel designed trial. Studies must have included both baseline and treated 24-hour curves. RESULTS: For the IOP analysis, we included 8 articles with 340 patients. A reduction from baseline was observed for timolol at each time point and for the 24-hour curve (p0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests that topical timolol therapy provides an ocular hypotensive effect over the 24-hour curve, including the nighttime hours, and while small reductions in the systolic and diastolic pressures occur, the ocular perfusion pressure is not altered over 24 hours.