Iliotibial band syndrome: an examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options.
AffiliationDepartment of Rheumatology, Cork University Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
Aged, 80 and over
MetadataShow full item record
CitationIliotibial band syndrome: an examination of the evidence behind a number of treatment options. 2010, 20 (4):580-7 Scand J Med Sci Sports
JournalScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
AbstractIliotibial band (ITB) syndrome (ITBS) is a common cause of distal lateral thigh pain in athletes. Treatment often focuses on stretching the ITB and treating local inflammation at the lateral femoral condyle (LFC). We examine the area's anatomical and biomechanical properties. Anatomical studies of the ITB of 20 embalmed cadavers. The strain generated in the ITB by three typical stretching maneuvers (Ober test; Hip flexion, adduction and external rotation, with added knee flexion and straight leg raise to 30 degrees ) was measured in five unembalmed cadavers using strain gauges. Displacement of the Tensae Fasciae Latae (TFL)/ITB junction was measured on 20 subjects during isometric hip abduction. The ITB was uniformly a lateral thickening of the circumferential fascia lata, firmly attached along the linea aspera (femur) from greater trochanter up to and including the LFC. The microstrain values [median (IQR)] for the OBER [15.4(5.1-23.3)me], HIP [21.1(15.6-44.6)me] and SLR [9.4(5.1-10.7)me] showed marked disparity in the optimal inter-limb stretching protocol. HIP stretch invoked significantly (Z=2.10, P=0.036) greater strain than the SLR. TFL/ITB junction displacement was 2.0+/-1.6 mm and mean ITB lengthening was <0.5% (effect size=0.04). Our results challenge the reasoning behind a number of accepted means of treating ITBS. Future research must focus on stretching and lengthening the muscular component of the ITB/TFL complex.
- The functional anatomy of the iliotibial band during flexion and extension of the knee: implications for understanding iliotibial band syndrome.
- Authors: Fairclough J, Hayashi K, Toumi H, Lyons K, Bydder G, Phillips N, Best TM, Benjamin M
- Issue date: 2006 Mar
- ASB clinical biomechanics award winner 2006 prospective study of the biomechanical factors associated with iliotibial band syndrome.
- Authors: Noehren B, Davis I, Hamill J
- Issue date: 2007 Nov
- An Anatomic Investigation of the Ober Test.
- Authors: Willett GM, Keim SA, Shostrom VK, Lomneth CS
- Issue date: 2016 Mar
- Patellofemoral pain in female ballet dancers: correlation with iliotibial band tightness and tibial external rotation.
- Authors: Winslow J, Yoder E
- Issue date: 1995 Jul
- The Immediate Effects of Foam Rolling and Stretching on Iliotibial Band Stiffness: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
- Authors: Pepper TM, Brismée JM, Sizer PS Jr, Kapila J, Seeber GH, Huggins CA, Hooper TL
- Issue date: 2021 Jun 1