Emergence of MRSA clone ST22 in healthy young adults in the community in the absence of risk factors.
AffiliationDepartment of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland.
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
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CitationEmergence of MRSA clone ST22 in healthy young adults in the community in the absence of risk factors. 2010, 138 (5):673-6 Epidemiol. Infect.
JournalEpidemiology and infection
AbstractOne thousand adults aged between 18 and 35 years were investigated for nasal colonization with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). Each volunteer completed a questionnaire to assess the presence or absence of risk factors for hospital-acquired MRSA (HA-MRSA) carriage. All MRSA isolated were characterized by microbiological and molecular methods. A S. aureus carriage rate of 22% and a MRSA carriage rate of 0.7% were observed. Analysis of the questionnaires revealed 121 individuals with HA-MRSA risk factors. Subsequently two MRSA infections with associated risk factors were excluded from calculation of the true carriage rate and an adjusted rate of 0.57% (5/879) was established. All seven MRSA isolates expressed the genotypic profile ST22-MRSA-IV, were PVL negative, agr type 1, and differed only by their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. ST22-MRSA-IV (EMRSA-15) has shown worldwide spread in the hospital setting but has not been previously documented in isolation in the community.
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