A comparison of the social competence of children with moderate intellectual disability in inclusive versus segregated school settings.
AffiliationSt. John of God Carmona Services, 111 Upper Glenageary Road, Dun Laoghaire, Co Dublin, Ireland.
KeywordsMODERATE INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
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CitationA comparison of the social competence of children with moderate intellectual disability in inclusive versus segregated school settings., 30 (2):397-407 Res Dev Disabil
JournalResearch in developmental disabilities
AbstractThis is the first study to compare the social competence of children with moderate intellectual disability in inclusive versus segregated school settings in the Republic of Ireland. A convenience sample was recruited through two large ID services. The sample comprised 45 children across two groups: Group 1 (n=20; inclusive school) and Group 2 (n=25; segregated school). Parents and teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Adaptive Behaviour Scale-School: 2nd edition. A series of 2 x 2 ANOVAs were carried out on social competence scores using educational placement type (inclusive vs segregated school) and proxy rater (parent vs teacher) as the independent variables. Key findings indicated that children in inclusive schools did not differ significantly from children in segregated schools on the majority of proxy ratings of social competence. This supports the belief that children with intellectual disabilities can function well in different educational settings. Present findings highlight the importance of utilising the functional model of ID when selecting and designing school placements for children with moderate ID.
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