Investigating the reliability and validity of the waterlow risk assessment scale: a literature review.
AffiliationThe Mater Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
Reproducibility of Results
MetadataShow full item record
CitationInvestigating the reliability and validity of the waterlow risk assessment scale: a literature review. 2011, 20 (2):197-208 Clin Nurs Res
JournalClinical nursing research
AbstractThe aim of this review was to examine health literature on the reliability and validity of the Waterlow pressure sore assessment scale. A systematic review of published studies relating to the topic was conducted and literature was examined for its relevancy to the topic under investigation. Findings suggest that despite the availability of over 40 assessment tools, the Waterlow assessment scale is the most frequently used by health care staff. Research suggests that the Waterlow Scale is an unreliable method of assessing individuals at risk of pressure sore development with all studies indicating a poor interrater reliability status. Its validity has also been criticized because of its high-sensitivity but low-specificity levels.
- Pressure ulcer risk assessment in critical care: interrater reliability and validity studies of the Braden and Waterlow scales and subjective ratings in two intensive care units.
- Authors: Kottner J, Dassen T
- Issue date: 2010 Jun
- Inter- and intrarater reliability of the Waterlow pressure sore risk scale: a systematic review.
- Authors: Kottner J, Dassen T, Tannen A
- Issue date: 2009 Mar
- The Norton, Waterlow, Braden, and Care Dependency Scales: comparing their validity when identifying patients' pressure sore risk.
- Authors: Balzer K, Pohl C, Dassen T, Halfens R
- Issue date: 2007 Jul-Aug
- Evaluation of the Validity and Reliability of the Waterlow Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale.
- Authors: Charalambous C, Koulori A, Vasilopoulos A, Roupa Z
- Issue date: 2018 Apr
- The levels of reliability and validity of the Waterlow pressure sore risk calculator.
- Authors: Edwards M
- Issue date: 1995 Sep