Ethnic identity, perceptions of disadvantage, and psychosis: findings from the ÆSOP study.
Craig, Thomas K J
Fisher, Helen L
Doody, Gillian A
Jones, Peter B
Murray, Robin M
AffiliationUnit for Social and Community Psychiatry, Barts and the London School of Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, UK. email@example.com
African Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
Mental Health Services
MetadataShow full item record
CitationEthnic identity, perceptions of disadvantage, and psychosis: findings from the ÆSOP study. 2010, 124 (1-3):43-8 Schizophr. Res.
AbstractMany studies have shown that rates of psychosis are elevated in the Black and minority ethnic (BME) population in the UK. One important, but relatively less researched explanation of these high rates may be social adversity associated with acculturation processes. Strong identification with an ethnic minority group subjected to social disadvantage may exert adverse effects on individuals from BME groups. Using data from a large epidemiological case-control study of first-episode psychosis, we aimed to investigate whether strong ethnic identification is a factor contributing to the excess of psychosis in BME groups compared with the White British, after adjustment for perceptions of disadvantage. All cases with a first episode of psychosis presenting to specialist mental health services within tightly defined catchment areas in London and Nottingham, UK, and geographically matched community controls were included in the study. Data were collected on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, perceptions of disadvantage, and identification with one's own ethnic group. Analysis was performed on data from 139 cases and 234 controls. There was evidence that, as levels of ethnic identification increased, the odds of psychosis increased in the BME but not in the White British group, independent of potential confounders. However, the association between strong ethnic identity and psychosis in BME individuals was attenuated and non-significant when controlled for perceived disadvantage. Strong identification with an ethnic minority group may be a potential contributory factor of the high rates of psychosis in the BME population, the effects of which may be explained by perceptions of disadvantage.
- Compulsory admission at first presentation to services for psychosis: does ethnicity still matter? Findings from two population-based studies of first episode psychosis.
- Authors: Oduola S, Craig TKJ, Das-Munshi J, Bourque F, Gayer-Anderson C, Morgan C
- Issue date: 2019 Jul
- Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis study.
- Authors: Coid JW, Kirkbride JB, Barker D, Cowden F, Stamps R, Yang M, Jones PB
- Issue date: 2008 Nov
- Prevalence of psychosis in black ethnic minorities in Britain: analysis based on three national surveys.
- Authors: Qassem T, Bebbington P, Spiers N, McManus S, Jenkins R, Dein S
- Issue date: 2015 Jul
- Change in incidence rates for psychosis in different ethnic groups in south London: findings from the Clinical Record Interactive Search-First Episode Psychosis (CRIS-FEP) study.
- Authors: Oduola S, Das-Munshi J, Bourque F, Gayer-Anderson C, Tsang J, Murray RM, Craig TKJ, Morgan C
- Issue date: 2021 Jan
- Differences in duration of untreated psychosis for racial and ethnic minority groups with first-episode psychosis: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
- Authors: Schoer N, Huang CW, Anderson KK
- Issue date: 2019 Oct