Insight, grey matter and cognitive function in first-onset psychosis.
AuthorsMorgan, Kevin D
Jones, Peter B
Murray, Robin M
David, Anthony S
AffiliationDepartment of Psychology, University of Westminster, 309 Regent Street, London W1B 2UW, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MetadataShow full item record
CitationInsight, grey matter and cognitive function in first-onset psychosis. 2010, 197:141-8 Br J Psychiatry
JournalThe British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
AbstractSeveral studies have suggested that neuropsychological and structural brain deficits are implicated in poor insight. Few insight studies however have combined neurocognitive and structural neuroanatomical measures.
Focusing on the ability to relabel psychotic symptoms as pathological, we examined insight, brain structure and neurocognition in first-onset psychosis.
Voxel-based magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 82 individuals with psychosis and 91 controls assessed with a brief neuropsychological test battery. Insight was measured using the Schedule for the Assessment of Insight.
The principal analysis showed reduced general neuropsychological function was linked to poor symptom relabelling ability. A subsequent between-psychosis group analysis found those with no symptom relabelling ability had significant global and regional grey matter deficits primarily located at the posterior cingulate gyrus and right precuneus/cuneus.
The cingulate gyrus (as part of a midline cortical system) along with right hemisphere regions may be involved in illness and symptom self-appraisal in first-onset psychosis.