• The Belfast musculoskeletal ultrasound course.

      Taggart, Allister J; Wright, Stephen A; Ball, Elisabeth; Kane, David; Wright, Gary; Regional Rheumatology Unit, Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK. allister.taggart@ntlworld.com (Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 2009-09)
      To conduct a training course in musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) for rheumatologists in Northern Ireland with the aim of equipping the participants with a basic knowledge of the theoretical and practical aspects of MSUS as they are applied to rheumatology.
    • Does online submission of manuscripts improve efficiency?

      Govender, P; Buckley, O; McAuley, G; O'Brien, J; Torreggiani, W C; Adelaide and Meath Incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland. (JBR-BTR : organe de la Société royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR), 2008)
      The purpose of this study online is to evaluate whether online submission of papers to a peer reviewed journal is more efficient than hard copy submission.
    • Geographic origin of publications in radiological journals as a function of GDP and percentage of GDP spent on research.

      Halpenny, Darragh; Burke, John; McNeill, Graeme; Snow, Aisling; Torreggiani, William C; Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospitals incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland. darraghhalpenny@hotmail.com (Academic radiology, 2010-06)
      The aim of this study was to examine the geographic origin of publications in the highest impacting radiology journals and to examine the link between the percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) spent on research by a country and the output of radiology publications.
    • Obesity in Ireland in 2008: what radiological equipment is available to image the obese patient?

      Campbell, N; Buckley, O; McGlone, B; O'Shea, D; Torreggiani, W C; Weight Management Service and Department of Radiology, St Columcille's Hospital, Loughlinstown, Co Dublin. naomicampbell28@hotmail.com (Irish medical journal, 2009-04)
      Obesity is a global epidemic, responsible for 2000 premature deaths in Ireland each year. The extent of this epidemic was quantified by the National Taskforce on Obesity (IOTF), whose report, published in 2005, found that 39% of adults in Ireland were overweight and 18% obese with obesity in adults predicted to increase by 1% per year. In light of the clear evidence that we, as a nation, are quite literally expanding, how well equipped are Irish hospitals and, in particular, radiology departments, to deal with patients of increasing size and weight? The purpose of this study was to quantify the weight limits and girth restrictions of the radiology equipment, in particular CT, MRI and fluoroscopy, in hospitals, both public and private, in Ireland in an attempt to answer this question.
    • Ocular health among radiologists in the age of PACS: is it time for our profession to open its eyes to this issue in light of existing European legislation?

      Halpenny, D; O'Driscoll, D; Torreggiani, W C; Adelaide and Meath Hospitals, Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland. darraghhalpenny@hotmail.com (2012-12)
      The regular use of visual display units (VDUs) at work has been shown to cause the development of a constellation of symptoms ranging from dry eyes to temporary myopia. European workers who use VDUs are now protected under detailed legislation enacted by the European Union (Directive 90/270/EEC). The use of picture archiving and communications systems, which are almost ubiquitous in European countries, means that, as a profession, radiologists fall under the remit of this legislation. This paper aims to assess the impact that full implementation of this law would have on a radiologist's practice and to more broadly examine the issue of eye care as an occupational health issue in radiology. The authors conclude that eye care in the setting of regular VDU use among radiologists is an important quality control and occupational health issue. There is a clear legal basis requiring employers to provide regular eye examinations and reporting breaks. In the absence of leadership from employers on this issue individual radiologists have a responsibility to ensure that their work practices reflect the legal situation and minimise the effect of eye strain on their performance.
    • Practice of ultrasound-guided arthrocentesis and joint injection, including training and implementation, in Europe: results of a survey of experts and scientific societies.

      Mandl, Peter; Naredo, Esperanza; Conaghan, Philip G; D'Agostino, Maria-Antonietta; Wakefield, Richard J; Bachta, Artur; Backhaus, Marina; Hammer, Hilde B; Bruyn, George A W; Damjanov, Nemanja; et al. (Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 2012-01)
      To document the practice and training opportunities of US-guided arthrocentesis and joint injection (UGAJ) among rheumatologists in the member countries of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR).
    • The use of thrombin in the radiology department.

      Ward, E; Buckley, O; Collins, A; Browne, R F; Torreggiani, W C; Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath Hospitals incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland. (European radiology, 2009-03)
      Thrombin is a naturally occurring coagulation protein that converts soluble fibrinogen into insoluble fibrin and plays a vital role in the coagulation cascade and in turn haemostasis. Thrombin also promotes platelet activation. In the last few years, there has been a rapid increase in the use of thrombin by radiologists in a variety of clinical circumstances. It is best known for its use in the treatment of pseudoaneurysms following angiography. However, there are now a variety of cases in the literature describing the treatment of traumatic, inflammatory and infected aneurysms with thrombin in a variety of locations within the human body. There have even been recent reports describing the use of thrombin in conventional aneurysms as well as ruptured aneurysms. Its use has also been described in the treatment of endoleaks (type II) following aneurysm repair. In nearly all of these cases, treatment with thrombin requires imaging guidance. Recently, thrombin has also been used as a topical treatment post-percutaneous intervention to reduce or stop bleeding. Most radiologists have only a limited knowledge of the pharmacodynamics of thrombin, its wide range of utilisation and its limitations. Apart from a few case reports and case series, there is little in the radiological literature encompassing the wide range of applications that thrombin may have in the radiology department. In this review article, we comprehensively describe the role and pathophysiology of thrombin, describing with examples many of its potential uses. Techniques of usage as well as pitfalls and limitations are also described.