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Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Standard Versus a Modified Low-Phosphorus Diet in Hemodialysis Patients.Byrne, Fiona N; Gillman, Barbara A; Kiely, Mairead; Palmer, Brendan; Shiely, Frances; Kearney, Patricia M; Earlie, Joyce; Bowles, Maria B; Keohane, Fiona M; Connolly, Pauline P; et al. (Elsevier, 2020-08-18)There was no significant difference in the change in serum phosphate between the standard and modified diets. Although total dietary phosphorus intake was similar, phytate-bound phosphorus, found in pulses, nuts, and whole grains, was significantly higher in the modified diet (P < 0.001). Dietary fiber intake was also significantly higher (P < 0.003), as was the percentage of patients reporting an increase in bowel movements while following the modified diet (P = 0.008). There was no significant difference in the change in serum potassium or in reported protein intake between the 2 diets. Both diets were similarly well tolerated.