• Is it time to rejuvenate the forceps?

      Talukdar, Sanchila; Purandare, Nikhil; Coulter-Smith, Sam; Geary, Michael; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rotunda Hospital, Parnell Street, Dublin 1, Republic of Ireland. (2013-08)
      The obstetric forceps was designed to assist extraction of the foetal head and thereby accomplish delivery of the foetus in the second stage of labour. More than 700 types of obstetric forceps have been described. An understanding of the anatomy of the birth canal and the foetal head is a prerequisite to becoming a skilled and safe user of forceps. Operative vaginal delivery rates have remained stable at between 10 and 13 %. The last few decades has seen a rise in caesarean section, along with the introduction and safe use of the vacuum extractor. This has resulted in a decline both in the use of the obstetric forceps as well as in the training for the same. The forceps is less likely to fail when used as the primary instrument thereby reducing the need for the sequential use of two instruments which increase the morbidity of the neonate. Perineal trauma is more likely to occur with the use of the forceps but the evidence is that the maternal concern is less when compared to the ventouse. Simulation training is an important part of obstetric training. Application of forceps blades in the simulation setting can improve the skill level of obstetricians. The use of the forceps should not be decreasing and more senior involvement in training is necessary so that juniors develop the proper skills to perform forceps delivery in a competent and safe manner. It is vital that the art of the forceps is not lost to future generations of obstetricians and the women they care for.
    • A rapidly enlarging cutaneous hemangioma in pregnancy.

      Ma'ayeh, Marwan; Purandare, Nikhil; Harrison, Michelle; Geary, Michael P; Rotunda Hospital , Dublin 1, Ireland. (2014-06-18)
      This is a case of a rapidly enlarging cutaneous pedunculated tumor on a patient's thumb during her pregnancy. This was excised and identified as a hemangioma. A literature search identified a possible hormonal factor in causing an accelerated growth of this tumor.