Research undertaken by staff affiliated to the Children's University Hospital, Temple Street

Recent Submissions

  • Preparing for Group B vaccine. Attitudes of pregnant women in two countries.

    Geoghegan, Sarah; Faerber, Jennifer; Stephens, Laura; Gillan, Hannah; Drew, Richard J; Eogan, Maeve; Feemster, Kristen A; Butler, Karina M (2023-04-10)
    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) vaccines, designed to be given to pregnant women, are in clinical trials. There is an opportunity to conduct preparatory research now to understand the drivers of and barriers to GBS vaccine acceptance. This will enable targeted interventions so that delays in vaccine uptake might be avoided. A multicenter, mixed-methodology, cross-sectional study evaluated the acceptability of a hypothetical GBS vaccine among pregnant women in two countries with differing health systems. Pregnant women in Philadelphia, US, and Dublin, Ireland, completed an electronic survey and a Discrete Choice Experiment. Five hundred and two women were included in the final analysis. Fifty-three percent of US and 30% of Irish participants reported both awareness and understanding of GBS. The median likelihood score for vaccine receipt (measured on a 10-point scale) was 9 (US: 9 (IQR 7-10), IRL: 9 (IQR 6-10)). Among the US participants, identifying as Black or African American was associated with a lower likelihood of vaccine receipt. Possession of a college degree was associated with increased likelihood of vaccine receipt. Perceived infant benefit was the most important driver of GBS vaccine acceptance. Safety concerns about a novel vaccine was the most prominent barrier identified. Good GBS vaccine uptake is achievable through strong messaging that highlights vaccine safety and the potential infant benefits. Preparation for vaccine implementation should include efforts to increase awareness among pregnant women about GBS infection and a continued focus on improving acceptability of currently recommended maternal vaccines, particularly in population subgroups with low uptake of maternal immunizations.
  • Using the TIDieR checklist to describe the intervention of the Sedation and Weaning in Children (SANDWICH) trial.

    Tume, Lyvonne N; Blackwood, Bronagh; McAuley, Daniel F; Morris, Kevin; Peters, Mark J; Jordan, Joanne; Walsh, Timothy Simon; McIlmurray, Lisa (2022-06-22)
  • IMI 2023 Digest.

    Sankaridurg, Padmaja; Berntsen, David A; Bullimore, Mark A; Cho, Pauline; Flitcroft, Ian; Gawne, Timothy J; Gifford, Kate L; Jong, Monica; Kang, Pauline; Ostrin, Lisa A; et al.
  • 'A rollercoaster of emotions': Reflections on growing up with epilepsy in Ireland.

    Sherlock, Clara; Linehan, Christine; Madigan, Cathy; Downes, Michelle (2023-04-06)
  • Prescribing patterns of myopia control contact lenses among optometrists in Ireland.

    Moore, Michael; Flitcroft, Daniel Ian; Loughman, James (2023-01-18)
  • Spontaneous Clearance of Vertically Acquired Hepatitis C Infection: Implications for Testing and Treatment.

    Ades, A E; Gordon, Fabiana; Scott, Karen; Collins, Intira Jeannie; Thorne, Claire; Pembrey, Lucy; Chappell, Elizabeth; Mariné-Barjoan, Eugènia; Butler, Karina; Indolfi, Giuseppe; et al.
  • Changes in food sensitization with changing allergy practice in Ireland.

    Hurley, Sadhbh; Franklin, Ruth; Murray, Deirdre; Venter, Carina; O'B Hourihane, Jonathan (2023-01-31)
  • Overall Vertical Transmission of Hepatitis C Virus, Transmission Net of Clearance, and Timing of Transmission.

    Ades, Anthony E; Gordon, Fabiana; Scott, Karen; Collins, Intira J; Claire, Thorne; Pembrey, Lucy; Chappell, Elizabeth; Mariné-Barjoan, Eugènia; Butler, Karina; Indolfi, Giuseppe; et al.
  • Application of multilevel linear spline models for analysis of growth trajectories in a cohort with repeat antenatal and postnatal measures of growth: a prospective cohort study.

    O'Keeffe, Linda M; Yelverton, Cara A; Bartels, Helena C; O'Neill, Kate N; McDonnell, Ciara; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M (2023-03-27)
  • Autonomic instability, arrhythmia and visual impairment in a new presentation of -related mitochondrial disease.

    Howard, Caoimhe; Dev-Borman, Arundhati; Stokes, John; O'Rourke, Declan; Gillespie, Ciara; Twomey, Eilish; Knerr, Ina; Boruah, Ritma (2022-12-08)
    Mitochondrial methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase (MTFMT) is required for the initiation of translation in mitochondria. Pathogenic variants in MTFMT have been described in association with clinical presentations with Leigh syndrome, as well with as multisystem involvement (particularly cardiac and ocular involvement). There is a spectrum of severity, but many reported presentations have been milder with a better prognosis than other pathogenic variants associated with Leigh syndrome. We describe the case of a 9-year-old boy homozygous for a pathogenic MTFMT variant (c.626C > T/p.Ser209Leu) who presented with hypertensive crisis on a background of hyperphagia and visual impairment. His clinical course was complicated by supraventricular tachycardia and severe autonomic instability, requiring intensive care unit admission. He also developed seizures, neurogenic bladder and bowel and had a markedly abnormal eye examination with bilateral optic atrophy. Magnetic resonance image brain showed abnormal high T2/fluid-attenuated inversion recovery signal within the dorsal brainstem and in the right globus pallidus with some reduced diffusivity. Despite recovery from the acute neurological and cardiac manifestations, he has ongoing deficits in his gross motor skills and continues to have hyperphagia with rapid weight gain (approx. 20 kg in 2 years). Ophthalmic findings are persistent. This case expands the phenotype associated with MTFMT disease.
  • An unusual case of a giant fetal facial tumour and review of the literature.

    Start, Alex O; Ryan, Gillian A; Cathcart, Barbra; Geraghty, Jennifer; Adams, Niamh; Colleran, Gabrielle; Vavasseur, Claudine; Caird, John; Murray, Dylan; Walsh, Jennifer M (2023-03-25)
  • A narrative inquiry into healthcare staff resilience and the sustainability of Quality Improvement implementation efforts during Covid-19.

    Hughes Spence, Shannon; Khurshid, Zuneera; Flynn, Maureen; Fitzsimons, John; De Brún, Aoife (2023-02-24)
  • Invasive pneumococcal surveillance to assess the potential benefits of extended spectrum conjugate vaccines (PCV15/PCV20) in older adults.

    Humphreys, Hilary; Corcoran, Mary; Mereckiene, Jolita; Cunney, Robert; Cotter, Suzanne (2023-01-26)
  • Including the child's voice in research from a longitudinal birth cohort: insights from the ROLO young person's advisory group.

    Delahunt, Anna; Callanan, Sophie; Killeen, Sarah Louise; McDonnell, Ciara M; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M (2023-02-09)
  • Assessment and management of cardiovascular complications in eating disorders.

    Friars, Dara; Walsh, Orla; McNicholas, Fiona (2023-01-30)
  • Predictors of adverse gambling behaviours amongst elite athletes.

    Turk, Matthew Adam; Murphy, Colm; McCaffrey, Jack; Murray, Kieran (2023-01-16)
  • Hyperparathyroidism Is an Independent Risk Factor for Allograft Dysfunction in Pediatric Kidney Transplantation.

    Prytula, Agnieszka; Shroff, Rukshana; Krupka, Kai; Deschepper, Ellen; Bacchetta, Justine; Ariceta, Gema; Awan, Atif; Benetti, Elisa; Büscher, Anja; Berta, László; et al. (2022-10-28)
    This registry study from the Cooperative European Paediatric Renal Transplant Initiative (CERTAIN) collected data at baseline, months 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 after transplant; and every 6 months thereafter up to 5 years. Survival analysis for a composite end point of graft loss or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤30 ml/min per 1.73 m2 or a ≥50% decline from eGFR at month 1 posttransplant was performed. Associations of parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphate, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with allograft outcome were investigated using conventional stratified Cox proportional hazards models and further verified with marginal structural models with time-varying covariates.
  • Assessment of Dietary Intake of Iodine and Risk of Iodine Deficiency in Children with Classical Galactosaemia on Dietary Treatment.

    Milner, Dearbhla; Boyle, Fiona; McNulty, Jenny; Knerr, Ina (2023-01-13)
    Iodine is an essential mineral required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Iodine plays a critical role in growth and neurocognitive development. Classical galactosaemia is a disorder resulting from an inborn error in galactose metabolism. Its current management consists of life-long lactose and galactose dietary restriction. This study estimated dietary intakes of iodine in infants and children with classical galactosaemia in the Republic of Ireland. The diets of 43 participants (aged 7 months-18 years) with classical galactosaemia were assessed for iodine intake using an iodine-specific food frequency questionnaire. Intakes were compared to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) dietary recommendations for iodine intake. The potential role of iodine fortification of dairy alternative products was also examined. There were no significant differences observed between sex, ethnicity and parental education and meeting dietary iodine recommendations. Differences, however, were seen between age groups, causing the p value to approach statistical significance (p = 0.06). Infants consuming infant formula were likely to meet iodine recommendations. However, over half (53%) of children aged 1-18 years had average intakes below the recommendations for age. For these children, consumption of iodine-fortified dairy alternative milk was the leading source of iodine in the diets, followed by fish/shellfish and eggs. An assessment of iodine intake should be undertaken during dietetic reviews for those with classical galactosaemia. Mandatory iodine fortification of all dairy alternative products would result in 92% of the total population cohort meeting iodine recommendations based on their current consumption.
  • Beyond consumption: a qualitative investigation of hospital clinician attitudes to receiving feedback on antimicrobial prescribing quality.

    Hughes, Gerry; O' Toole, Eilis; Coleman, Una; Talento, Alida Fe; Doyle, Keith; O' Leary, Aisling; Bergin, Colm (2022-04-11)
    Background: Feedback on optimal antimicrobial prescribing to clinicians is an important strategy to ensure antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in the hospital setting. Objective: To explore the perceptions of antimicrobial prescribing feedback among clinicians in acute care. Study design: Prospective qualitative design. Setting: A large inner-city tertiary referral center in Dublin, Ireland. Participants: Clinicians were recruited from the hospital clinician population. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted with a purposive sample of multidisciplinary clinicians. Focus groups and semistructured interviews were used to collect data that were analyzed inductively to identify themes. Results: In total, 30 clinicians from medical, surgical, nursing and pharmacy professions participated in the study. We identified 5 themes: (1) antimicrobial consumption perceived as a proxy measure for prescribing quality; (2) lack of connection between antimicrobial prescribing and patient outcomes; (3) relevance and impact of antimicrobial prescribing feedback associated with professional role; (4) attitudes regarding feedback as an AMS strategy; and (5) knowledge regarding AMS, including antimicrobial prescribing quality measures. Conclusions: Focused feedback on antimicrobial prescribing, with clear goals for improvement, could serve as a useful AMS strategy among clinicians in the acute-care setting. The need for further education and training in AMS was also identified.

View more