• Prospective Risk Assessment of Medicine Shortages in Europe and Israel: Findings and Implications.

      Miljković, Nenad; Godman, Brian; Kovačević, Milena; Polidori, Piera; Tzimis, Leonidas; Hoppe-Tichy, Torsten; Saar, Marika; Antofie, Ioan; Horvath, Laszlo; De Rijdt, Thomas; et al. (2020-03-26)
      A semi-structured questionnaire focusing on medicine shortages was distributed electronically to members of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action 15105 (28 member countries) and to hospital pharmacists of the European Association of Hospital Pharmacists (EAHP) (including associated healthcare professionals). Their answers were subjected to both qualitative and quantitative analysis (Microsoft Office Excel 2010 and IBM SPSS Statistics®) with descriptive statistics based on the distribution of responses. Their proportional difference was tested by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test for independence. Differences in the observed ordinal variables were tested by the Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis test. The qualitative data were tabulated and recombined with the quantitative data to observe, uncover and interpret meanings and patterns.