• Use of xylitol chewing gum in mothers may delay transmission of mutans streptococci to their infants.

      O'Connell, Anne C; Dublin Dental School, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. anne.oconnell@dental.tcd.ie (2011-03)
    • Using Little's Irregularity Index in orthodontics: outdated and inaccurate?

      Macauley, Donal; Garvey, Thérèse M; Dowling, Adam H; Fleming, Garry J P; Orthodontics Unit, Division of Public and Child Dental Health, Dublin Dental University Hospital, School of Dental Science, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland. (2012-12)
      Little's Irregularity Index (LII) was devised to objectively score mandibular incisor alignment for epidemiological studies but has been extended to assess the relative performance of orthodontic brackets, retainer or treatment modalities. Our aim was to examine the repeatability and precision of LII measurements of four independent examiners on the maxillary arch of orthodontic patients. The hypothesis was that the reproducibility of individual contact point displacement measurements, used to calculate the LII score, are inappropriate.
    • Using prior information from the medical literature in GWAS of oral cancer identifies novel susceptibility variant on chromosome 4--the AdAPT method.

      Johansson, Mattias; Roberts, Angus; Chen, Dan; Li, Yaoyong; Delahaye-Sourdeix, Manon; Aswani, Niraj; Greenwood, Mark A; Benhamou, Simone; Lagiou, Pagona; Holcátová, Ivana; et al. (2012)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) require large sample sizes to obtain adequate statistical power, but it may be possible to increase the power by incorporating complementary data. In this study we investigated the feasibility of automatically retrieving information from the medical literature and leveraging this information in GWAS.
    • Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to Describe Children Referred to Special Care or Paediatric Dental Services

      Faulks, Denise; Norderyd, Johanna; Molina, Gustavo; Macgiolla Phadraig, Caoimhin; Scagnet, Gabriela; Eschevins, Caroline; Hennequin, Martine; Dublin Dental University Hospital (2013-04-16)
    • The value of education in special care dentistry as a means of reducing inequalities in oral health.

      Faulks, D; Freedman, L; Thompson, S; Sagheri, D; Dougall, A; CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Service d'Odontologie and Clermont Université, Université d'Auvergne, EA 3847, Clermont Ferrand, France. (2012-11)
      People with disability are subject to inequality in oral health both in terms of prevalence of disease and unmet healthcare needs. Over 18% of the global population is living with moderate to severe functional problems related to disability, and a large proportion of these persons will require Special Care Dentistry at some point in their lifetime. It is estimated that 90% of people requiring Special Care Dentistry should be able to access treatment in a local, primary care setting. Provision of such primary care is only possible through the education and training of dentists. The literature suggests that it is vital for the dental team to develop the necessary skills and gain experience treating people with special needs in order to ensure access to the provision of oral health care. Education in Special Care Dentistry worldwide might be improved by the development of a recognised academic and clinical discipline and by providing international curricula guidelines based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, WHO). This article aims to discuss the role and value of promoting and harmonising education in Special Care Dentistry as a means of reducing inequalities in oral health.
    • What should dental services for people with disabilities be like? Results of an Irish delphi panel survey.

      Mac Giolla Phadraig, Caoimhin; Nunn, June; Dougall, Alison; O'Neill, Eunan; McLoughlin, Jacinta; Guerin, Suzanne; Department of Public and Child Dental Health, Dublin Dental University Hospital and Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. (2014)
      This study aimed to generate prioritised goals for oral health services for people with disabilities as a first step in meeting the need for evidence based oral health services for people with disabilities in Ireland.
    • When are the hands of healthcare workers positive for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus?

      Creamer, E; Dorrian, S; Dolan, A; Sherlock, O; Fitzgerald-Hughes, D; Thomas, T; Walsh, J; Shore, A; Sullivan, D; Kinnevey, P; et al. (2010-06)
      Hand hygiene is a key component in reducing infection. There are few reports on the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on healthcare workers' (HCWs') hands. The aim of this study was to establish whether HCWs' fingertips were contaminated with MRSA in a clinical hospital setting. The study was conducted in an acute tertiary referral hospital on four MRSA wards that were part of a larger research study on MRSA epidemiology and four other wards not included in the study. The fingertips from all categories of 523 HCWs were sampled on 822 occasions by the imprinting of fingertips on MRSA chromogenic agar plates. The type of hand hygiene agent used, if any, and the immediate prior activity of the HCW were recorded. Overall, 38/822 (5%) fingertips from 523 HCWs were MRSA-positive; 12/194 (6%) after clinical contact, 10/138 (10%) after contact with the patient's environment and 15/346 (4%) after no specific contact. MRSA was recovered on 2/61 (3%) occasions after use of alcohol hand rub, 2/35 (6%) after 4% chlorhexidine detergent, 7/210 (3%) hand washing with soap and water, and 27/493 (5%) when no hand hygiene had been performed. MRSA was recovered from HCWs on seven of the eight wards. MRSA was more frequently present on fingertips on the four non-study wards vs the four MRSA study wards [18/250 (7%), 3/201 (1%), respectively; P