• The partial removal of carious tissue may arrest caries progression in primary teeth.

      O'Connell, Anne C; Dental School, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Anne.oconnell@dental.tcd.ie (2012-09)
    • Patch testing for food-associated allergies in orofacial granulomatosis.

      Fitzpatrick, Laura; Healy, Claire M; McCartan, Bernard E; Flint, Stephen R; McCreary, Christine E; Rogers, Sarah; Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. (2011-01)
      Food-associated allergies, especially to benzoates and cinnamon-related compounds, have been associated with orofacial granulomatosis and both standard and urticarial patch testing have been used to detect such allergies. Elimination diets have also been shown to be effective in some patients.
    • Patient satisfaction and oral health-related quality of life outcomes of implant overdentures and fixed complete dentures.

      Brennan, Maire; Houston, Frank; O'Sullivan, Michael; O'Connell, Brian; Division of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. (2010-07)
      To assess and compare patient satisfaction and oral health-related quality of life (OHQOL) in patients treated with implant-supported overdentures and complete implant fixed prostheses.
    • Patient satisfaction relating to implant treatment by undergraduate and postgraduate dental students--a pilot study.

      Harrison, P; Polyzois, I; Houston, F; Claffey, N; Division of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Lincoln Place, Dublin 2, Ireland. (2009-08)
      Recordings of patient satisfaction with provision of dental implant treatment are scarce. This study aimed to evaluate satisfaction amongst patients attending for provision of implant treatment by training undergraduate and postgraduate students at Dublin Dental School and Hospital (DDSH). A questionnaire was formulated and distributed to 100 individuals randomly selected from records of patients who had received implant treatment via student clinics in the previous 5 years. The response rate was 68%. Results showed a high overall level of satisfaction with treatment received.
    • Pericoronitis: treatment and a clinical dilemma.

      Moloney, Justin; Stassen, Leo F A; Dublin Dental Hospital, Dublin. (2009-08)
      Pericoronitis is an infection associated with impacted lower third molars that can necessitate the removal of these teeth. The clinical features of this condition are described and its treatment outlined, emphasising local measures. A case of pericoronitis in a 52-year-old patient is discussed, which illustrates the risks and benefits of removal of wisdom teeth; removal can lead to nerve damage, retention can precipitate serious, even life-threatening infection.
    • Pericoronitis: treatment and a clinical dilemma.

      Moloney, Justin; Stassen, Leo F A; Dublin Dental Hospital, Dublin. (Irish Dental Association, 2009-06)
      Pericoronitis is an infection associated with impacted lower third molars that can necessitate the removal of these teeth. The clinical features of this condition are described and its treatment outlined, emphasising local measures. A case of pericoronitis in a 52-year-old patient is discussed, which illustrates the risks and benefits of removal of wisdom teeth; removal can lead to nerve damage, retention can precipitate serious, even life-threatening infection.
    • Periodontitis in older Swedish individuals fails to predict mortality

      Renvert, Stefan; Wallin-Bengtsson, Viveca; Berglund, Johan; Persson, Rutger G.; Dublin Dental University Hospital (2014-03-23)
    • Personal story

      Nunn, J. (Stephen Hancocks Limited, 2011)
    • Pitt Ford's Problem-Based Learning in Endodontology

      Patel, S; Duncan, H F.; Dublin Dental University Hospital (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011-07)
    • Pitt Fords problem based learning in endodontology

      Patel, S; Duncan, HF (Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
    • A placebo-controlled trial to evaluate an anesthetic gel when probing in patients with advanced periodontitis.

      Winning, Lewis; Polyzois, Ioannis; Nylund, Karin; Kelly, Alan; Claffey, Noel; Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology, Dublin Dental University Hospital, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. (2012-12)
      The baseline periodontal examination is reported to be a painful dental procedure, but currently there are limited practical techniques to reduce this pain. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of an intrapocket anesthetic gel in the reduction of pain on periodontal probing in a group of untreated patients with generalized chronic periodontitis (CP).
    • Plaque control and oral hygiene methods

      Harrison, Peter; Dublin Dental Hospital (Irish Dental Association, 2017-06)
      The experimental gingivitis study of Löe et al.1 demonstrated a cause and effect relationship between plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation, and helped to establish plaque/biofilm as the primary risk factor for gingivitis. When healthy individuals withdrew oral hygiene efforts, gingival inflammation ensued within 21 days in all subjects. Once effective plaque removal was recommenced, clinical gingival health was quickly re-established – indicating that plaque-associated inflammation is modifiable by plaque control. As current consensus confirms that gingivitis and periodontitis may be viewed as a continuum of disease,2 the rationale for achieving effective plaque control is clear.
    • Population attributable risk of tobacco and alcohol for upper aerodigestive tract cancer.

      Anantharaman, Devasena; Marron, Manuela; Lagiou, Pagona; Samoli, Evangelia; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Pohlabeln, Hermann; Slamova, Alena; Schejbalova, Miriam; Merletti, Franco; Richiardi, Lorenzo; et al. (2011-08)
      Tobacco and alcohol are major risk factors for upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer and significant variation is observed in UADT cancer rates across Europe. We have estimated the proportion of UADT cancer burden explained by tobacco and alcohol and how this varies with the incidence rates across Europe, cancer sub-site, gender and age. This should help estimate the minimum residual burden of other risk factors to UADT cancer, including human papillomavirus. We analysed 1981 UADT cancer cases and 1993 controls from the ARCAGE multicentre study. We estimated the population attributable risk (PAR) of tobacco alone, alcohol alone and their joint effect. Tobacco and alcohol together explained 73% of UADT cancer burden of which nearly 29% was explained by smoking alone, less than 1% due to alcohol on its own and 44% by the joint effect of tobacco and alcohol. Tobacco and alcohol together explained a larger proportion of hypopharyngeal/laryngeal cancer (PAR=85%) than oropharyngeal (PAR=74%), esophageal (PAR=67%) and oral cancer (PAR=61%). Tobacco and alcohol together explain only about half of the total UADT cancer burden among women. Geographically, tobacco and alcohol explained a larger proportion of UADT cancer in central (PAR=84%) than southern (PAR=72%) and western Europe (PAR=67%). While the majority of the UADT cancers in Europe are due to tobacco or the joint effect of tobacco and alcohol, our results support a significant role for other risk factors in particular, for oral and oropharyngeal cancers and also for UADT cancers in southern and western Europe.
    • The prevalence of dental caries and fissure sealants in 12 year old children by disadvantaged status in Dublin (Ireland).

      Sagheri, D; McLoughlin, J; Clarkson, J J; Department of Public and Child Dental Health, Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Trinity College, Ireland. darius.sagheri@dental.tcd.ie (2009-03)
      The aim was to record dental caries levels and the presence of fissure sealants in 12-year-old schoolchildren whose domestic water supply had been fluoridated since birth in Dublin (Ireland).
    • Preventive strategies to improve periodontal health in people with Down syndrome

      Freedman, L (Journal of Disability and Oral Health, 2011)
    • Problem-based learning in academic health education. A systematic literature review.

      Polyzois, I; Claffey, N; Mattheos, N; Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology, Dublin Dental School & Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Ioannis.Polyzois@dental.tcd.ie (2010-02)
      Problem based learning (PBL) arguably represents the most significant development in education over the past five decades. It has been promoted as the curriculum of choice, and since its introduction in the 1960's, has been widely adopted by many medical and dental schools. PBL has been the subject of much published literature but ironically, very little high quality evidence exists to advocate its efficacy and subsequently justify the widespread curriculum change. The purpose of this review is to classify and interpret the available evidence and extract relevant conclusions. In addition, it is the intent to propose recommendations regarding the relative benefits of PBL compared with conventional teaching. The literature was searched using PubMed, ERIC and PsycLIT. Further articles were retrieved from the reference lists of selected papers. Articles were chosen and included according to specific selection criteria. Studies were further classified as randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or comparative studies. These studies were then analysed according to intervention type: whole curricula comparisons and single educational interventions of shorter duration. At the level of RCTs and comparative studies (whole curricula), no clear difference was observed between PBL and conventional teaching. Paradoxically, it was only comparative studies of single PBL intervention in a traditional curriculum that yielded results that were consistently in favour of PBL. Further research is needed to investigate the possibility that multiple PBL interventions in a traditional curriculum could be more effective than an exclusively PBL programme. In addition, it is important to address the potential benefits of PBL in relation to life-long learning of health care professionals.
    • Proceedings: 9th World Congress on Preventive Dentistry (WCPD): "Community Participation and Global Alliances for Lifelong Oral Health for All," Phuket, Thailand, September 7-10, 2009.

      Clarkson, J; Watt, R G; Rugg-Gunn, A J; Pitiphat, W; Ettinger, R L; Horowitz, A M; Petersen, P E; ten Cate, J M; Vianna, R; Ferrillo, P; et al. (2010-06)
    • Prospective audit of postoperative instructions to patients undergoing root canal treatment in the DDUH and re-audit following introduction of a written patient information sheet

      Moorthy, A; Alkadhimi, AF; Stassen, Leo F; Duncan, HF (Irish Dental Assocation (IDA), 2016-02)
      An audit of the delivery and documentation of postoperative instructions to patients undergoing root canal treatment in the DDUH demonstrated unfavourable results compared to the ideal benchmark. Introduction of a postoperative leaflet significantly improved the content and consistency of the advice and will be implemented in future
    • Provision of dental care for special care patients: the view of Irish dentists in the Republic of Ireland.

      Smith, G; Rooney, Y; Nunn, J; Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Lincoln Place, Dublin 2. gillian.smith@dental.tcd.ie (2010-04)
      Part 2 of the Disability Act 2005 requires that all people with a disability are entitled to a needs assessment and, by implication, provision of identified care needs. This process started with children aged 0-6 in 2007 and will roll out to all people with disabilities by 2011. Oral health is part of that needs assessment but it may be that dentists are not in a position to provide that care, by virtue of a lack of education, training or facilities. The majority of dental care delivered would seem, from information gathered as part of this study, to be of an emergency nature. This study aimed to identify the shortfalls in service provision, and their potential causes, to inform what it is hoped will be a positive directive on special care dentistry (SCD) in the proposed National Oral Health Strategy.