• Three-Dimensional Assessment of Early Surgical Outcome in Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: Part 2. Lip Changes.

      Ayoub, Ashraf; Garrahy, Ann; Millett, Declan; Bowman, Adrian; Siebert, Paul; Miller, James; Ray, Arup; Glasgow Dental Hospital and School. (2010-09-08)
      Abstract Objective: To evaluate 3D lip morphology, following primary reconstruction in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) relative to contemporaneous non-cleft data Design: Prospective, cross-sectional, controlled study Setting: Glasgow Dental Hospital & School, University of Glasgow, The UK. Patients and Participants: Two groups of 3-year old children (21 with unilateral cleft lip and palate and 96 controls) with facial images taken using a 3D vision based capture technique. Methods: 3D images of the face were reflected so the cleft was on the left side to create a homogenous group for statistical analysis. Three-dimensional co-ordinates of anthropometric landmarks were extracted from facial images. 3D generalised Procustes superimposition was employed and a set of linear measurements were utilised to compare between cleft and control subjects for right and left sides, adjusting for sex differences. Results: Christa philteri on both the cleft and non-cleft sides were displaced laterally and posteriorly; there was also a statistically significant increase in philtrum width. No significant differences between cleft and control regarding the cutaneous height of the upper lip. The lip in the cleft cases was flatter than in the non-cleft cases with less prominence of labialis superioris. Conclusions: Stereophotogrammetry allows detection of residual dysmorphology following cleft repair. There was significant increase of the philtrum width. The lip appeared flatter and more posterior displaced in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate (UCLP) cases compared with control. Keywords: child, cleft lip and palate, lip repair, three-dimensional imaging.
    • Timing of pulp extirpation for replanted avulsed teeth.

      Stewart, Chris; Dept Paediatric Dentistry, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Cork, Ireland. (2009)
      A search was performed (April 2004) across four databases, namely Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library, PubMed and Web of Science, relevant to the proposed PICO ( Patient or problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) question: (P) for a replanted avulsed permanent tooth, (I) is early pulp extirpation within 10-14 days of replantation, (C) compared with delayed pulp extirpation, (O) associated an increased likelihood of successful periodontal healing after tooth replantation. Only articles published in the English language were considered.
    • Tooth size discrepancies in Irish orthodontic patients among different malocclusion groups.

      O'Mahony, Gerard; Millett, Declan T; Barry, Mark K; McIntyre, Grant T; Cronin, Michael S; Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Wilton, Ireland. (2011-01)
      To determine the prevalence of tooth size discrepancies (TSDs) in an Irish orthodontic population among different malocclusion groups.
    • Treatment Outcomes in Trigeminal Neuralgia-A Systematic Review of Domains, Dimensions and Measures.

      Nova, Carolina Venda; Zakrzewska, Joanna M; Baker, Sarah R; Riordain, Richeal Ni (2020-01-27)
      Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a painful disorder characterized by sudden electric shock-like pain. It is a rare condition for which multiple treatments are available, including medical and surgical. The best treatment option is yet to be defined, and this is related to the lack of definition in the treatment outcomes and outcome measures. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize all the outcomes and outcomes measures that have been published to date and highlight variability in their use. Methods: We have conducted a literature search using a wide range of databases (1946-2019 for medical and 2008-2019 for surgical treatment), for all intervention studies in TN. Four hundred and sixty-seven studies were selected for data extraction on TN classification, data collection method, intervention, and treatment outcomes mapped to the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT guidelines). Results: Most studies collected data on pain (n = 459) and side effects (n = 386) domains; however, very few collected data on the impact of treatment on physical (n = 46) and emotional functioning (n = 17) and on patient satisfaction (n = 35). There was high variability on outcome measures used for pain relief (n = 10), pain intensity (n = 9), and frequency of pain episodes (n = 3). Conclusions: A clear definition of what are the important outcomes for patients with TN is essential. The choice of standardized outcome measures allowing for consistent reporting in TN treatment will allow for comparison of studies and facilitate treatment choice for patients and clinicians thus, improving health outcomes and reducing health care cost. Keywords: BNI, The Barrow Neurology Institute Pain Intensity Scale; BPI, Brief Pain Inventory; COS, Core Outcome Set; MVD, Microvascular decompression; Outcome measures; QOL, Quality of life; Systematic review; TN, Trigeminal neuralgia; Treatment outcomes; Trigeminal neuralgia; VAS, Visual analogue scale.
    • UK National Clinical Guidelines in Paediatric Dentistry: treatment of traumatically intruded permanent incisor teeth in children.

      Albadri, S; Zaitoun, H; Kinirons, M J; School of Dentistry, University of Liverpool, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, UK. (2010-11)
    • Unilateral coronoid hyperplasia associated with early childhood facial trauma: a case presentation

      Sleeman, Duncan; Warren, Emma; McAuliffe, Micheal (Irish Dental Association, 2012-08)
    • The use of quality of life measures in oral medicine: a review of the literature.

      Riordain, R Ni; McCreary, C; Oral Medicine Unit, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. richeal.niriordain@ucc.ie (2010-07)
      To explore the use of patient reported quality of life measures in oral medicine, to highlight the importance of use of these measures in oral medicine practice and to provide guidance for the selection of such measures in the future.
    • Water fluoridation.

      Parnell, C; Whelton, H; O'Mullane, D; Oral Health Services Research Centre, University Dental School, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. c.parnell@ucc.ie (2009-09)
      This was to present a summary of the evidence from systematic reviews of the effectiveness and safety of water fluoridation.
    • Zn-Containing Membranes for Guided Bone Regeneration in Dentistry.

      Toledano, Manuel; Vallecillo-Rivas, Marta; Osorio, María T; Muñoz-Soto, Esther; Toledano-Osorio, Manuel; Vallecillo, Cristina; Toledano, Raquel; Lynch, Christopher D; Serrera-Figallo, María-Angeles; Osorio, Raquel (2021-05-29)
      Barrier membranes are employed in guided bone regeneration (GBR) to facilitate bone in-growth. A bioactive and biomimetic Zn-doped membrane with the ability to participate in bone healing and regeneration is necessary. The aim of the present study is to state the effect of doping the membranes for GBR with zinc compounds in the improvement of bone regeneration. A literature search was conducted using electronic databases, such as PubMed, MEDLINE, DIMDI, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science. A narrative exploratory review was undertaken, focusing on the antibacterial effects, physicochemical and biological properties of Zn-loaded membranes. Bioactivity, bone formation and cytotoxicity were analyzed. Microstructure and mechanical properties of these membranes were also determined. Zn-doped membranes have inhibited in vivo and in vitro bacterial colonization. Zn-alloy and Zn-doped membranes attained good biocompatibility and were found to be non-toxic to cells. The Zn-doped matrices showed feasible mechanical properties, such as flexibility, strength, complex modulus and tan delta. Zn incorporation in polymeric membranes provided the highest regenerative efficiency for bone healing in experimental animals, potentiating osteogenesis, angiogenesis, biological activity and a balanced remodeling. Zn-loaded membranes doped with SiO2 nanoparticles have performed as bioactive modulators provoking an M2 macrophage increase and are a potential biomaterial for promoting bone repair. Zn-doped membranes have promoted pro-healing phenotypes.