• Clinical experiences of undergraduate dental students in pediatric dentistry at Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Ireland.

      Stewart, Christopher J; Moloney, Elizabeth J; Kinirons, Martin J; Department of Oral Health and Development, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. c.stewart@ucc.ie (2010-03)
      The objectives of this study were to evaluate the number and range of clinical procedures completed by undergraduate dental students in pediatric dentistry in Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Ireland, and to compare the number of procedures undertaken with the subsequent examination scores. The work comprised a retrospective audit of clinical logbooks for all of the undergraduate dental students in one cohort through their fourth and fifth clinical years between 2004 and 2006. Thirty-four quantitative logbooks were audited. Students had seen a total of 1,031 patients, and each student had completed a full course of dental treatment for an average of twenty-two children. Students completed means of 30.2 restorative procedures for children, fourteen in deciduous dentition (range six to twenty-eight), and seventeen in permanent dentition (range seven to twenty-eight). Continuity of education and care (measured through children having their treatment fully completed by the same student) was 72 percent. A moderate positive correlation between levels of clinical experience and exam score was identified. All students gained experience in management of child patients with students providing care for an average of thirty children and a minimum of nineteen.
    • Dental patients' use of the Internet.

      Ní Ríordáin, R; McCreary, C; Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Wilton, Cork, Ireland. richeal.nirordain@ucc.ie (2009-12-19)
      To determine the use of the Internet by patients attending a range of dental clinics to search for information regarding dental procedures, and also to investigate their interest in online dental consultations and 'dental tourism'.
    • Endodontic treatment completion following emergency pulpectomy.

      Lynch, C D; Burke, F M; Ríordáin, R Ní; Hannigan, A; Cardiff University School of Dentistry, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XY, UK. LynchCD@cardiff.ac.uk (2010-06)
      Emergency pulpectomy is frequently performed to relieve pain experienced by patients following acute episodes of endodontic pain, or to limit the risks of infection or possible root resorption following traumatic pulpal exposures. The aim of this study was to examine subsequent patient attendance for completion of root canal treatment following pulpectomy procedures in a dental emergency unit.
    • Fluoridation and tooth wear in Irish adults.

      Burke, F M; Whelton, H; Harding, M; Crowley, E; O'Mullane, D; Cronin, M; Kelleher, V; Byrtek, M; Oral Health Services Research Centre, University Dental School and Hospital, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. f.burke@ucc.ie (2010-10)
      The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of tooth wear in adults in Ireland and its relationship with water fluoridation. The National Survey of Adult Oral Health was conducted in 2000/2001. Tooth wear was determined using a partial mouth examination assessing the upper and lower anterior teeth. A total of 2456 subjects were examined. In this survey, increasing levels and severity of tooth wear were associated with ageing. Men were more affected by tooth wear and were more likely to be affected by severe tooth wear than women. It was found that age, and gender were significant predictors of tooth wear (P < 0.01). Overall, there was no significant relationship between fluoridation and tooth wear in this study.
    • The heights and weights of Irish children from the post-war era to the Celtic tiger.

      Perry, I J; Whelton, H; Harrington, J; Cousins, B; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College Cork, Brookfield Health Sciences Complex, College Road, Cork, Republic of Ireland. i.perry@ucc.ie (2009-03)
      Childhood obesity is a significant global health issue. National level data on long-term secular trends are relatively sparse.
    • Initial management of paediatric dento-alveolar trauma in the permanent dentition: a multi-centre evaluation.

      Zaitoun, H; North, S; Lee, S; Albadri, S; McDonnell, S T; Rodd, H D; Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Charles Clifford Dental Hospital, Wellesley Road, Sheffield, S10 2SZ. halla.zaitoun@sth.nhs.uk (2010-03-27)
      To investigate the time lapse prior to provision of emergency dental care and appropriateness of earliest treatment provided for children with dental trauma.
    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA): a screening study to measure class II skeletal pattern, TMJ PDS and use of systemic corticosteroids.

      Mandall, Nicky A; Gray, Robin; O'Brien, Kevin D; Baildam, Eileen; Macfarlane, Tatiana V; Davidson, Joyce; Sills, John; Foster, Helen; Gardner-Medwin, Janet; Garrahy, Ann; et al. (2010-03)
      To screen patients with oligoarticular and polyarticular forms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) to determine (i) the severity of their class II skeletal pattern; (ii) temporomandibular joint signs and symptoms and (iii) use of systemic corticosteroids.
    • A study of the management of 55 traumatically intruded permanent incisor teeth in children.

      Stewart, C; Dawson, M; Phillips, J; Shafi, I; Kinirons, M; Welbury, R; Dept Paediatric Dentistry, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Cork, Ireland. (2009-01)
      These were to examine the main presenting, treatment and outcome factors for intruded permanent incisors in children, the effect of apical development and degree of intrusion on decisions on repositioning, the effect of apical development status on the maintenance of pulp vitality and the time of pulp extirpation and to compare the decisions made to the advice given in existing clinical guidelines.
    • Technical quality of root canal fillings performed in a dental school and the associated retention of root-filled teeth: a clinical follow-up study over a 5-year period.

      Burke, F M; Lynch, C D; Ní Ríordáin, R; Hannigan, A; University Dental School & Hospital, University College, Cork, Ireland. (2009-07)
      The aim of this study was to examine the technical quality of root canal fillings performed in a dental school and to investigate the associated effect on the survival/retention of root-filled teeth. A review of case notes of patients who had root canal treatment performed in the department of Restorative Dentistry, University Dental School and Hospital, Cork, Ireland was carried out. The technical quality of the root canal filling was described according to its relationship with the radiographic apex on a post-treatment radiograph. Tooth status at review was defined as 'tooth present' or 'tooth absent' based on the presence or absence of the root-filled tooth recorded in the treatment records at a review appointment following placement of the root canal filling. One hundred and forty-eight teeth (129 patients) were considered. Of these, 69.6% (n = 103) were of acceptable technical quality, 23.6% (n = 35) were under-extended, and 6.8% (n = 10) were overextended. An increased number of intra-treatment radiographs to confirm the relationship of the canal preparation to the radiographic apex and operator experience were significant predictors of adequate root canal fillings (P < 0.05). Eighty-three per cent (n = 123) of teeth were present at a review appointment held an average of 40 months following completion of treatment (12-60 months). The technical quality of the root canal filling was the only significant factor in predicting tooth survival (P < 0.05), while the presence of pre-treatment periapical pathology had no significant effect on survival of the root-filled tooth. Determination and maintenance of the working length of the canal system is an important feature in producing good quality root canal fillings, which in turn, is associated with increased likelihood of survival/retention of root-filled teeth.