• The Centricity Score: A Novel Measurement to Aid in Conservative Breast Cancer Surgery

      Sugrue, Ryan; McGowan, Katherine; McNamara, Cillian; Sugrue, Michael (Advances in Breast Cancer Research, 2014-10)
      Introduction: This study describes an intra-operative scoring system to advise the surgeon of the centricity of the tumour in the excised specimen. Methods: Spatial estimations were prospectively made in 10 consecutive patients undergoing wide local excision (WLE) using Bioptics intra-operative digital specimen imaging. The centricity score was defined as 100 – (ICD/SD × 100), where ICD is the inter-centre distance between the specimen’s centre and the tumour’s centre. Results: 10 patients with invasive breast cancer (T1b to T4a), mean age 56 years (range 44 - 71) were studied. The mean tumour and specimen diameter was 24 mm ± 10 (range 12 - 48) and 101 mm ± 22 (range 64 - 140). The mean centricity score was 86 ± 9 (range 65 - 95). Conclusion: This study successfully describes an intraoperative radiological spatial scoring system for patients undergoing WLE. Tumours were well centered in specimens with an overall score of 86/100. The centricity score could be used to guide excision and potentially set benchmarks for conservative breast surgery.
    • Cigarette use and cardiovascular risk in chronic kidney disease: an unappreciated modifiable lifestyle risk factor.

      Stack, Austin G; Murthy, Bhamidipati V R; Regional Kidney Centre, Department of Medicine, Letterkenny General Hospital,, Health Services Executive, County Donegal, Ireland. austin.stack@hse.ie (2012-01-31)
      Tobacco use is a major modifiable cardiovascular risk factor in the general population and contributes to excess cardiovascular risk. Emerging evidence from large-scale observational studies suggests that continued tobacco use is also an independent cardiovascular risk factor among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The benefits of smoking cessation programs on improving the heath status of patients and reducing mortality are unequivocal in the general population. Despite this, there has been little effort in pursuing tobacco cessation programs in dialysis cohorts or those with lesser degrees of kidney impairment. Most of our attention to date has focused on the development of "kidney-specific" interventions that reduce rates of renal disease progression and improve dialysis outcomes. The purpose of this current review is to describe the epidemiology of tobacco use among patients with CKD, draw attention to its negative impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and finally highlight potential strategies for successful intervention. We hope that this study heightens the importance of tobacco use in CKD, stimulates renewed interest in the barriers and challenges that exist in achieving smoking cessation, and endorses the efficacy of intervention strategies and the immeasurable benefits of quitting on cardiovascular and noncardiovascular outcomes.
    • Combined Patients and Medical Related Cosmetic Breast Cancer Outcomes—A Preferred Approach to Outcomes Assessment

      Sugrue, Michael; Johnston, Alison; Degnim, Amy; Rubio, Isabel T.; Van den Tol, M. Petrouska; Djohan, Risal; Valentine, Mark; Mac Gregor, Geraldine; 1. Breast Centre North West, Letterkenny University Hospital, Donegal, Ireland 2. Donegal Clinical Research Academy, Donegal, Ireland. 3. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, NY, USA. 4. Vall d’Hebron Hospital Universitario, Barcelona, Spain. 5&6 University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Advances in Breast Cancer Research, 2018-12)
      Introduction: Reducing positive margins and need for re-excision yet maintaining cosmesis is key in breast cancer surgery. This study describes the evaluation of early outcomes of a combined cosmetic assessment programme following breast conservation surgery (BCS). Methods: An ethically approved prospective study was conducted at Letterkenny University Hospital and a 15-month timeframe was chosen. All consecutive patients undergoing conservative breast surgery with complete local excision, from July 2015 to October 2016, were entered into the study. Patients undergoing mastectomy and reconstruction with either implant or autologous tissue were not included. 41 patients undergoing BCS were analysed. Objective and subjective cosmetic evaluations were carried out. Assessments used were the Breast Cancer Conservative Treatment—cosmetic results [BCCT.core 2.0] Software, a panel of 4 experts in breast surgery and the Breast Cancer Treatment Outcome Scale (BCTOS). Demographic and pathological data, breast excision weight, % breast volume excised (BVE), margin positivity, complications and re-excision were documented. Data was expressed as mean and standard deviation for normally distributed data and medians and inter quartile range for non-normal data. Scores were also dichotomised to excellent/good and fair/poor and results were analysed. Results: 41 patients’ mean age is 55 ± 13 years. Mean breast volume was 768.3 cm3 ± 440; BVE weighed 78.6g ± 42.6 (18.9 - 214.4) and %BVE 11.3% ± 5.2% (5.1 - 23.3). Re-excision rate was 2/41 (4.9%) all for positive margins. 0/41 infections or haematomas occurred.
    • Community-based health efforts for the prevention of falls in the elderly.

      Hanley, Alan; Silke, Carmel; Murphy, John; Department of Medicine, Letterkenny General Hospital, Letterkenny, Co Donegal,, Ireland. alan.hanley@gmail.com (2012-01-31)
      Falls are a major public health problem in the elderly population. The associated health care cost is great. It has therefore become an important public health matter to evaluate those interventions that might be effective in reducing the risk of falls. Risk factors that predict an increased risk of falling are described. We discuss interventions that can be employed in the community to reduce the risk of falls and associated injuries by discipline, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and physician-led interventions. We also discuss the cost-effectiveness of such interventions.
    • Comparing Single-Page, Multipage, and Conversational Digital Forms in Health Care: Usability Study.

      Iftikhar, Aleeha; Bond, Raymond R; McGilligan, Victoria; Leslie, Stephen J; Rjoob, Khaled; Knoery, Charles; Quigg, Ciara; Campbell, Ryan; Boyd, Kyle; MC SHANE, ANNE; et al. (2021-05-26)
      Background: Even in the era of digital technology, several hospitals still rely on paper-based forms for data entry for patient admission, triage, drug prescriptions, and procedures. Paper-based forms can be quick and convenient to complete but often at the expense of data quality, completeness, sustainability, and automated data analytics. Digital forms can improve data quality by assisting the user when deciding on the appropriate response to certain data inputs (eg, classifying symptoms). Greater data quality via digital form completion not only helps with auditing, service improvement, and patient record keeping but also helps with novel data science and machine learning research. Although digital forms are becoming more prevalent in health care, there is a lack of empirical best practices and guidelines for their design. The study-based hospital had a definite plan to abolish the paper form; hence, it was not necessary to compare the digital forms with the paper form. Objective: This study aims to assess the usability of three different interactive forms: a single-page digital form (in which all data input is required on one web page), a multipage digital form, and a conversational digital form (a chatbot). Methods: The three digital forms were developed as candidates to replace the current paper-based form used to record patient referrals to an interventional cardiology department (Cath-Lab) at Altnagelvin Hospital. We recorded usability data in a counterbalanced usability test (60 usability tests: 20 subjects×3 form usability tests). The usability data included task completion times, System Usability Scale (SUS) scores, User Experience Questionnaire data, and data from a postexperiment questionnaire. Results: We found that the single-page form outperformed the other two digital forms in almost all usability metrics. The mean SUS score for the single-page form was 76 (SD 15.8; P=.01) when compared with the multipage form, which had a mean score of 67 (SD 17), and the conversational form attained the lowest scores in usability testing and was the least preferred choice of users, with a mean score of 57 (SD 24). An SUS score of >68 was considered above average. The single-page form achieved the least task completion time compared with the other two digital form styles. Conclusions: In conclusion, the digital single-page form outperformed the other two forms in almost all usability metrics; it had the least task completion time compared with those of the other two digital forms. Moreover, on answering the open-ended question from the final customized postexperiment questionnaire, the single-page form was the preferred choice.
    • Compression fractures of the vertebrae during a "bumpy" boat ride.

      Chukwunyerenwa, C K; O'Rourke, P; Orthopaedic Unit, Letterkenny General Hospital, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal,, Republic of Ireland. Chukwunyerenwa@yahoo.com (2012-01-31)
      INTRODUCTION: Compression fracture of the vertebrae is common, often the result of falls from height and motor vehicle accidents in the younger age groups. It can occur following minor trauma in the elderly and in those with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present an interesting case of compression fracture of the vertebral bodies occurring simultaneously in a couple during a boat ride while on holiday. One individual had fracture of the T8, while the other fractured the L1 vertebrae. Both injuries were treated conservatively with Taylor braces. CONCLUSION: We highlight one of the potential hazards of this recreational activity, and the almost identical fracture pattern in this couple.
    • A consultant paediatrician led and public health nurse (PHN) provided Community Enuresis Clinic as a model of care.

      Noone, D; van der Spek, N; Waldron, M; Cavan General Hospital, Cavan Town, Co Cavan. dnoone@O2.ie (2011-02)
      A dedicated Community Enuresis Clinic was established in 2004 in Cavan and Monaghan. The service was audited using ERIC (Education and Resources for Improving Childhood Continence) guidelines. There were 106 males and 47 females, giving an M: F ratio of 2.3:1. Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis (MNE) accounted for 127 (83%). Adequate follow-up was available for 108 children with MNE and in this group Initial Success was 49% (ERIC target 50%). 71% were dry at 1 year. There was a dropout rate of 20% in the MNE group (ERIC minimum standard < 25%). We believe the structure of this community based clinic and its approach to MNE management has been successful.
    • Correction to: Intraoperative surgical site infection control and prevention: a position paper and future addendum to WSES intra-abdominal infections guidelines.

      De Simone, Belinda; Sartelli, Massimo; Coccolini, Federico; Ball, Chad G; Brambillasca, Pietro; Chiarugi, Massimo; Campanile, Fabio Cesare; Nita, Gabriela; Corbella, Davide; Leppaniemi, Ari; et al. (2021-04-14)
    • Engaging life in two Irish nursing home units for people with dementia: Quantitative comparisons before and after implementing household environments.

      Morgan-Brown, Mark; Newton, Rita; Ormerod, Marcus; a SURFACE Inclusive Design Research Centre, School of the Built Environment, The University of Salford , Salford , UK. (Aging & mental health, 2012-09-03)
      Objectives: This study compares the Social Engagement and Interactive Occupation of residents with dementia in two Irish nursing homes, before and after conversion to a household model environment. The changes were an open plan design and a functioning unit kitchen, supported by a homemaker role and operational policies which reduced task-based work in favour of person-centred care offering choice. Method: A snapshot observation method was used to obtain quantitative data of resident activity using the Assessment Tool for Occupation and Social Engagement (ATOSE). Residents were assessed for four hours, on seven different weekdays, over a six-week period both pre- and post-renovation. The exception to this was the assessment of the traditional model unit (TMU) for Nursing Home 1 which was reduced to four days due to the early start of the building work. Results: The results were consistent for both nursing homes and data were aggregated. Residents spent more time in the communal living spaces and were more likely to be active and engaged in the household model units (HMUs) compared to the TMUs. Using the independent t-test, these changes were found to be highly significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Creating an HMU increased the Interactive Occupation and Social Engagement of residents in the communal areas of the two nursing homes. The physical environment change, in conjunction with supportive staff procedures and organizational initiatives, improved the well-being of residents with dementia. The outcomes must be viewed in context with financial implications.
    • European undergraduate curriculum in geriatric medicine developed using an international modified Delphi technique.

      Masud, Tahir; Blundell, Adrian; Gordon, Adam Lee; Mulpeter, Ken; Roller, Regina; Singler, Katrin; Goeldlin, Adrian; Stuck, Andreas (Oxford University Press, 2014-09)
      the rise in the number of older, frail adults necessitates that future doctors are adequately trained in the skills of geriatric medicine. Few countries have dedicated curricula in geriatric medicine at the undergraduate level. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus among geriatricians on a curriculum with the minimal requirements that a medical student should achieve by the end of medical school.
    • Evaluation of an innovative recruitment initiative on the attitudes of medical students

      O’Connor, K; Thekiso, T; Douglas, L; Barry, H; Flynn, D; McCarthy, A; Swanwick, G (Irish Medical Journal, 2013-05)
    • Evaluation of the patient generated index as a measure of quality-of-life in people with severe traumatic brain injury.

      Hogan, Mark; Nangle, Niamh; Morrison, Todd G; McGuire, Brian E; School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. markf.hogan@hse.ie (2013)
      Quality-of-life (QoL) measures may be useful in quantifying the personal impact of an acquired brain injury and as an indicator of the effectiveness of service provision. This study investigated the validity of the patient generated index (PGI) as a measure of QoL with a sample of adults who had sustained a severe traumatic brain injury.
    • Evidence based road safety? The Driving Standards Agency's schools programme

      Cochrane Injuries Group Driver Education Reviewers; Achara, Shirley; Adeyemi, Bola; Dosekun, Efunbo; Kelleher, Suzanne; Lansley, Marilyn; Male, Ian; Muhialdin, Nermin; Reynolds, Lucy; Roberts, Ian; et al. (2001-07)
      Presentation at the third Interdisciplinary Evidence Based Policies and Indicator Systems Conference, July 2001
    • Exercise and limitations in physical activity levels among new dialysis patients in the United States: an epidemiologic study.

      Stack, Austin G; Murthy, Bhamidipati; Regional Kidney Center, Department of Medicine, Letterkenny General Hospital, Health Services Executive (HSE) West, Letterkenny, County Donegal, Ireland. Austin.Stack@hse.ie (Annals of epidemiology, 2008-12)
      Epidemiologic studies of physical activity among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of physical activity among new dialysis patients in the United States.
    • An exploration of occupation in nursing home residents with dementia

      Morgan-Brown, Mark; Ormerod, Marcus; Newton, Rita; Manley, Dympna; Cavan General Hospital,University of Salford,Monaghan General Hospital (The College of Occupational Therapists Ltd., 2011-05)
    • An exploration of occupation in nursing home residents with dementia

      Morgan-Brown, M; Manley, D (National Institute of Health Sciences Research Bulletin, 2011)
    • An exploration of occupation in nursing home residents with dementia

      Morgan-Brown, Mark; Ormerod, Marcus; Newton, Rita; Manley, Dympna (2011-05)
      Objectives: This study evaluated the sitting room environment of two nursing homes in Ireland, using interactive occupation and social engagement as outcome measures and defining these rooms as occupational spaces. Method: Snapshot observational recordings were made in the main sitting rooms during the periods of time when the rooms were in most active use. Narrative information was also recorded. Results: Residents were more likely to occupy their time in the main sitting room passively, rather than in interactive occupation and social engagement. The nursing home residents with dementia spent approximately 70% of their daily time in the main sitting room areas in states of occupational disengagement. Discussion: Additional insight is provided through pragmatic narrative descriptions of the functioning of the main sitting room environment in terms of interactive occupation and social engagement. Relevance: The research study demonstrates a methodology for evaluating the sitting room areas of a care environment, using interactive occupation and social engagement as outcome measures, which can be used for descriptive and comparative insights into the performance of care environments.
    • Failure to engage in breast screening and risk assessment results in more advanced stage at diagnosis

      Johnston, Alison; Curran, Sharon; Sugrue, Michael (Scientific Research Publishing, 2015-04-09)
      Abstract Background: Although well established, population based screening and family risk assessment for breast cancer have come under increasing scrutiny. The concept of over diagnosis is increasingly cited in cancer publications. This study assessed the impact of failure to screen or risk assess patients attending with a new diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods: A retrospective review was undertaken of 200 consecutive patients diagnosed with breast cancer between January 2010 and September 2012 at Letterkenny Hospital. Appropriate screening was defined as biennial in those aged 50 - 66 and in those 40 - 49 with moderate/high family history risk (NICE criteria or IBIS criteria). Patient demographics, screening history, diagnosis date and stage (TNM) were documented. Patients with previous breast cancer were not included (n = 17). Results: 200 consecutive patients, whose mean age was 61 (range 28 - 99), were studied. 112/200 (56%) met no criteria for screening or family history assessment, and 88/200 (44%) met criteria for either screening (in 56) or family history assessment (in 32). 61/88 (69.3%) meeting criteria did not have a mammogram or risk assessment. The stage of breast cancer was significantly earlier in those screened appropriately, with early stage cancer in n = 111/139 (79.9 %) and late in n = 28/139 (20.1%), compared with 38/61 (62.3%) and 23/61 (37.7%) in those failing to be screened appropriately (p = 0.01 χ2 df1). Conclusion: Failure to engage in breast screening and risk assessment resulted in more advanced stage at diagnosis.
    • How to deal with an open abdomen?

      De Waele, Jan J; Kaplan, Mark; Sugrue, Michael; Sibaja, Pablo; Björck, Martin (Anaesthesiology intensive therapy, 2015)
      Appropriate open abdomen treatment is one of the key elements in the management of patients who require decompressive laparotomy or in whom the abdomen is left open prophylactically. Apart from fluid control and protection from external injury, fluid evacuation and facilitation of early closure are now the goals of open abdomen treatment. Abdominal negative pressure therapy has emerged as the most appropriate method to reach these goals. Especially when combined with strategies that allow progressive approximation of the fascial edges, high closure rates can be obtained. Intra-abdominal pressure measurement can be used to guide the surgical strategy and continued attention to intra-abdominal hypertension is necessary. This paper reviews recent advances as well as identifying the remaining challenges in patients requiring open abdomen treatment. The new classification system of the open abdomen is an important tool to use when comparing the efficacy of different strategies, as well as different systems of temporary abdominal closure.