Smoking characteristics of Polish immigrants in Dublin.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/95268
Title:
Smoking characteristics of Polish immigrants in Dublin.
Authors:
Kabir, Zubair; Clarke, Vanessa; Keogan, Sheila; Currie, Laura M; Zatonski, Witold; Clancy, Luke
Affiliation:
Research Institute for a Tobacco Free Society (RIFTFS), The Digital Depot, Thomas Street, Dublin, Ireland.
Citation:
Smoking characteristics of Polish immigrants in Dublin. 2008, 8:428 BMC Public Health
Journal:
BMC public health
Issue Date:
2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/95268
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-8-428
PubMed ID:
19117510
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: This study examined two main hypotheses: a) Polish immigrants' smoking estimates are greater than their Irish counterparts (b) Polish immigrants purchasing cigarettes from Poland smoke "heavier" (>/= 20 cigarettes a day) when compared to those purchasing cigarettes from Ireland. The study also set out to identify significant predictors of 'current' smoking (some days and everyday) among the Polish immigrants. METHODS: Dublin residents of Polish origin (n = 1,545) completed a previously validated Polish questionnaire in response to an advertisement in a local Polish lifestyle magazine over 5 weekends (July-August, 2007). The Office of Tobacco Control telephone-based monthly survey data were analyzed for the Irish population in Dublin for the same period (n = 484). RESULTS: Age-sex adjusted smoking estimates were: 47.6% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 47.3%; 48.0%) among the Poles and 27.8% (95% CI: 27.2%; 28.4%) among the general Irish population (p < 0.001). Of the 57% of smokers (n = 345/606) who purchased cigarettes solely from Poland and the 33% (n = 198/606) who purchased only from Ireland, 42.6% (n = 147/345) and 41.4% (n = 82/198) were "heavy" smokers, respectively (p = 0.79). Employment (Odds Ratio [OR]: 2.89; 95% CI: 1.25-6.69), lower education (OR: 3.76; 95%CI: 2.46-5.74), and a longer stay in Ireland (>24 months) were significant predictors of current smoking among the Poles. An objective validation of the self-reported smoking history of a randomly selected sub-sample immigrant group, using expired carbon monoxide (CO) measurements, showed a highly significant correlation coefficient (r = 0.64) of expired CO levels with the reported number of cigarettes consumed (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Polish immigrants' smoking estimates are higher than their Irish counterparts, and particularly if employed, with only primary-level education, and are overseas >2 years.
Language:
en
MeSH:
Adolescent; Adult; Age Distribution; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Emigrants and Immigrants; Emigration and Immigration; Female; Humans; Industry; Interviews as Topic; Ireland; Male; Middle Aged; Poland; Population Surveillance; Prevalence; Questionnaires; Risk-Taking; Smoking; Socioeconomic Factors; Time Factors; Urban Health; Young Adult
ISSN:
1471-2458

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKabir, Zubairen
dc.contributor.authorClarke, Vanessaen
dc.contributor.authorKeogan, Sheilaen
dc.contributor.authorCurrie, Laura Men
dc.contributor.authorZatonski, Witolden
dc.contributor.authorClancy, Lukeen
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-30T14:20:57Z-
dc.date.available2010-03-30T14:20:57Z-
dc.date.issued2008-
dc.identifier.citationSmoking characteristics of Polish immigrants in Dublin. 2008, 8:428 BMC Public Healthen
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458-
dc.identifier.pmid19117510-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2458-8-428-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/95268-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: This study examined two main hypotheses: a) Polish immigrants' smoking estimates are greater than their Irish counterparts (b) Polish immigrants purchasing cigarettes from Poland smoke "heavier" (>/= 20 cigarettes a day) when compared to those purchasing cigarettes from Ireland. The study also set out to identify significant predictors of 'current' smoking (some days and everyday) among the Polish immigrants. METHODS: Dublin residents of Polish origin (n = 1,545) completed a previously validated Polish questionnaire in response to an advertisement in a local Polish lifestyle magazine over 5 weekends (July-August, 2007). The Office of Tobacco Control telephone-based monthly survey data were analyzed for the Irish population in Dublin for the same period (n = 484). RESULTS: Age-sex adjusted smoking estimates were: 47.6% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 47.3%; 48.0%) among the Poles and 27.8% (95% CI: 27.2%; 28.4%) among the general Irish population (p < 0.001). Of the 57% of smokers (n = 345/606) who purchased cigarettes solely from Poland and the 33% (n = 198/606) who purchased only from Ireland, 42.6% (n = 147/345) and 41.4% (n = 82/198) were "heavy" smokers, respectively (p = 0.79). Employment (Odds Ratio [OR]: 2.89; 95% CI: 1.25-6.69), lower education (OR: 3.76; 95%CI: 2.46-5.74), and a longer stay in Ireland (>24 months) were significant predictors of current smoking among the Poles. An objective validation of the self-reported smoking history of a randomly selected sub-sample immigrant group, using expired carbon monoxide (CO) measurements, showed a highly significant correlation coefficient (r = 0.64) of expired CO levels with the reported number of cigarettes consumed (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Polish immigrants' smoking estimates are higher than their Irish counterparts, and particularly if employed, with only primary-level education, and are overseas >2 years.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAge Distribution-
dc.subject.meshCross-Cultural Comparison-
dc.subject.meshEmigrants and Immigrants-
dc.subject.meshEmigration and Immigration-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIndustry-
dc.subject.meshInterviews as Topic-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshPoland-
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillance-
dc.subject.meshPrevalence-
dc.subject.meshQuestionnaires-
dc.subject.meshRisk-Taking-
dc.subject.meshSmoking-
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors-
dc.subject.meshTime Factors-
dc.subject.meshUrban Health-
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult-
dc.titleSmoking characteristics of Polish immigrants in Dublin.en
dc.contributor.departmentResearch Institute for a Tobacco Free Society (RIFTFS), The Digital Depot, Thomas Street, Dublin, Ireland.en
dc.identifier.journalBMC public healthen

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