Comparison of self-reported health & healthcare utilisation between asylum seekers and refugees: an observational study.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/94217
Title:
Comparison of self-reported health & healthcare utilisation between asylum seekers and refugees: an observational study.
Authors:
Toar, Magzoub; O'Brien, Kirsty K; Fahey, Tom
Affiliation:
Department of General Practice, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 2, Ireland. mtoar@hotmail.com
Citation:
Comparison of self-reported health & healthcare utilisation between asylum seekers and refugees: an observational study. 2009, 9:214 BMC Public Health
Journal:
BMC public health
Issue Date:
2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/94217
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-9-214
PubMed ID:
19566954
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Adult refugees and asylum seekers living in Western countries experience a high prevalence of mental health problems, especially post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. This study compares and contrasts the prevalence of health problems, and potential risk factors as well as the utilisation of health services by asylum seekers and refugees in the Irish context. METHODS: Cross sectional study using validated self reported health status questionnaires of adult asylum seekers (n = 60) and refugees (n = 28) from 30 countries, living in Ireland. Outcome measures included: general health status (SF-36), presence of PTSD symptoms and anxiety/depression symptoms. Data on chronic conditions and pre or post migration stressors are also reported. The two groups are compared for utilisation of the health care system and the use of over the counter medications. RESULTS: Asylum seekers were significantly more likely than refugees to report symptoms of PTSD (OR 6.3, 95% CI: 2.2-17.9) and depression/anxiety (OR 5.8, 95% CI: 2.2-15.4), while no significant difference was found in self-reported general health. When adjusted by multivariable regression, the presence of more than one chronic disease (OR 4.0, 95%CI: 1.3-12.7; OR 3.4, 95% CI: 1.2-10.1), high levels of pre migration stressors (OR 3.6, 95% CI: 1.1-11.9; OR 3.3, 95% CI: 1.0-10.4) or post migration stressors (OR 17.3, 95% CI: 4.9-60.8; OR 3.9, 95% CI: 1.2-12.3) were independent predictors of self reported PTSD or depression/anxiety symptoms respectively, however, residence status was no longer significantly associated with PTSD or depression/anxiety. Residence status may act as a marker for other explanatory variables; our results show it has a strong relationship with post migration stressors (chi2 = 19.74, df = 1, P < 0.001).In terms of health care utilisation, asylum seekers use GP services more often than refugees, while no significant difference was found between these groups for use of dentists, medication, hospitalisation or mental health services. CONCLUSION: Asylum seekers have a higher level of self reported PTSD and depression/anxiety symptoms compared to refugees. However, residence status appears to act as a marker for post migration stressors. Compared to refugees, asylum seekers utilise GP services more often, but not mental health services.
Language:
en
MeSH:
Adult; Aged; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Health Services; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Observation; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Psychometrics; Questionnaires; Refugees; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
ISSN:
1471-2458

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorToar, Magzouben
dc.contributor.authorO'Brien, Kirsty Ken
dc.contributor.authorFahey, Tomen
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-12T15:41:43Z-
dc.date.available2010-03-12T15:41:43Z-
dc.date.issued2009-
dc.identifier.citationComparison of self-reported health & healthcare utilisation between asylum seekers and refugees: an observational study. 2009, 9:214 BMC Public Healthen
dc.identifier.issn1471-2458-
dc.identifier.pmid19566954-
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2458-9-214-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/94217-
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Adult refugees and asylum seekers living in Western countries experience a high prevalence of mental health problems, especially post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. This study compares and contrasts the prevalence of health problems, and potential risk factors as well as the utilisation of health services by asylum seekers and refugees in the Irish context. METHODS: Cross sectional study using validated self reported health status questionnaires of adult asylum seekers (n = 60) and refugees (n = 28) from 30 countries, living in Ireland. Outcome measures included: general health status (SF-36), presence of PTSD symptoms and anxiety/depression symptoms. Data on chronic conditions and pre or post migration stressors are also reported. The two groups are compared for utilisation of the health care system and the use of over the counter medications. RESULTS: Asylum seekers were significantly more likely than refugees to report symptoms of PTSD (OR 6.3, 95% CI: 2.2-17.9) and depression/anxiety (OR 5.8, 95% CI: 2.2-15.4), while no significant difference was found in self-reported general health. When adjusted by multivariable regression, the presence of more than one chronic disease (OR 4.0, 95%CI: 1.3-12.7; OR 3.4, 95% CI: 1.2-10.1), high levels of pre migration stressors (OR 3.6, 95% CI: 1.1-11.9; OR 3.3, 95% CI: 1.0-10.4) or post migration stressors (OR 17.3, 95% CI: 4.9-60.8; OR 3.9, 95% CI: 1.2-12.3) were independent predictors of self reported PTSD or depression/anxiety symptoms respectively, however, residence status was no longer significantly associated with PTSD or depression/anxiety. Residence status may act as a marker for other explanatory variables; our results show it has a strong relationship with post migration stressors (chi2 = 19.74, df = 1, P < 0.001).In terms of health care utilisation, asylum seekers use GP services more often than refugees, while no significant difference was found between these groups for use of dentists, medication, hospitalisation or mental health services. CONCLUSION: Asylum seekers have a higher level of self reported PTSD and depression/anxiety symptoms compared to refugees. However, residence status appears to act as a marker for post migration stressors. Compared to refugees, asylum seekers utilise GP services more often, but not mental health services.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHealth Services-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshObservation-
dc.subject.meshPatient Acceptance of Health Care-
dc.subject.meshPsychometrics-
dc.subject.meshQuestionnaires-
dc.subject.meshRefugees-
dc.subject.meshStress Disorders, Post-Traumatic-
dc.titleComparison of self-reported health & healthcare utilisation between asylum seekers and refugees: an observational study.en
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of General Practice, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Medical School, Dublin 2, Ireland. mtoar@hotmail.comen
dc.identifier.journalBMC public healthen

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