Socioeconomic effects on meeting physical activity guidelines: comparisons among 32 countries

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/79293
Title:
Socioeconomic effects on meeting physical activity guidelines: comparisons among 32 countries
Authors:
Borraccino, Alberto; Lemma, Patrizia; Iannotti, Ronald J.; Zambon, Alessio; Dalmasso, Paola; Lazzeri, Giacomo; Giacchi, Mariano; Cavallo, Franco
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health and Microbiology, University of Turin, Torino, ITALY
Publisher:
American College of Sports Medicine
Journal:
MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS & EXERCISE
Issue Date:
2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/79293
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between age and gender with physical activity (PA) and how meeting of PA guidelines (PAGL) is related to socioeconomic status (SES) and sedentary behaviors (SB). Methods: Data were collected from 11-, 13-, and 15-yr-old students in 32 countries participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey 2001/2002. A self-completed questionnaire assessed weekly moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and SB for the past 7 d and MVPA for a typical week. SES was assessed using the Family Affluence Scale (FAS). Results: None of the countries averaged enough MVPA to meet PAGL. The pattern of MVPA across age and gender was consistent among all countries. In all countries, older children were less active when compared with the youngest children; girls were significantly less active than boys were (mean hours per week of MVPA 3.52 T 1.88 vs 4.13 T 1.95) and were more likely to not meet the PAGL. SES was significantly associated with the amount of reported MVPA. SES and PAGL were not significantly related in seven countries, and a significant decrease in the influence of age was observed in these countries compared with other countries. Conclusions: Levels of MVPA during adolescence showed consistent patterns across countries in relation to age, gender, and social class. The limited effect of age on PA in countries where the influence of social class was less strong suggests the possibility of a moderating effect of context in the development of habits acquired during childhood.
Keywords:
HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN (HBSC); ADOLESCENCE; INTERNATIONAL SURVEY; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINE DETERMINANTS; CHILDREN’S HABITS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBorraccino, Alberto-
dc.contributor.authorLemma, Patrizia-
dc.contributor.authorIannotti, Ronald J.-
dc.contributor.authorZambon, Alessio-
dc.contributor.authorDalmasso, Paola-
dc.contributor.authorLazzeri, Giacomo-
dc.contributor.authorGiacchi, Mariano-
dc.contributor.authorCavallo, Franco-
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-31T14:13:59Z-
dc.date.available2009-08-31T14:13:59Z-
dc.date.issued2009-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/79293-
dc.descriptionPurpose: This study examined the relationship between age and gender with physical activity (PA) and how meeting of PA guidelines (PAGL) is related to socioeconomic status (SES) and sedentary behaviors (SB). Methods: Data were collected from 11-, 13-, and 15-yr-old students in 32 countries participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey 2001/2002. A self-completed questionnaire assessed weekly moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and SB for the past 7 d and MVPA for a typical week. SES was assessed using the Family Affluence Scale (FAS). Results: None of the countries averaged enough MVPA to meet PAGL. The pattern of MVPA across age and gender was consistent among all countries. In all countries, older children were less active when compared with the youngest children; girls were significantly less active than boys were (mean hours per week of MVPA 3.52 T 1.88 vs 4.13 T 1.95) and were more likely to not meet the PAGL. SES was significantly associated with the amount of reported MVPA. SES and PAGL were not significantly related in seven countries, and a significant decrease in the influence of age was observed in these countries compared with other countries. Conclusions: Levels of MVPA during adolescence showed consistent patterns across countries in relation to age, gender, and social class. The limited effect of age on PA in countries where the influence of social class was less strong suggests the possibility of a moderating effect of context in the development of habits acquired during childhood.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican College of Sports Medicineen
dc.subjectHEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN (HBSC)en
dc.subjectADOLESCENCEen
dc.subjectINTERNATIONAL SURVEYen
dc.subjectPHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINE DETERMINANTSen
dc.subjectCHILDREN’S HABITSen
dc.titleSocioeconomic effects on meeting physical activity guidelines: comparisons among 32 countriesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Public Health and Microbiology, University of Turin, Torino, ITALYen
dc.identifier.journalMEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS & EXERCISEen
All Items in Lenus, The Irish Health Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.