The fairness, predictive validity and acceptability of multiple mini interview in an internationally diverse student population- a mixed methods study

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/560375
Title:
The fairness, predictive validity and acceptability of multiple mini interview in an internationally diverse student population- a mixed methods study
Authors:
Kelly, Maureen E; Dowell, Jon; Husbands, Adrian; Newell, John; O‘Flynn, Siun; Kropmans, Thomas; Dunne, Fidelma P; Murphy, Andrew W
Citation:
BMC Medical Education. 2014 Dec 21;14(1):267
Issue Date:
21-Dec-2014
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-014-0267-0; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/560375
Abstract:
Abstract Background International medical students, those attending medical school outside of their country of citizenship, account for a growing proportion of medical undergraduates worldwide. This study aimed to establish the fairness, predictive validity and acceptability of Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) in an internationally diverse student population. Methods This was an explanatory sequential, mixed methods study. All students in First Year Medicine, National University of Ireland Galway 2012 were eligible to sit a previously validated 10 station MMI. Quantitative data comprised: demographics, selection tool scores and First Year Assessment scores. Qualitative data comprised separate focus groups with MMI Assessors, EU and Non-EU students. Results 109 students participated (45% of class). Of this 41.3% (n = 45) were Non-EU and 35.8% (n = 39) did not have English as first language. Age, gender and socioeconomic class did not impact on MMI scores. Non-EU students and those for whom English was not a first language achieved significantly lower scores on MMI than their EU and English speaking counterparts (difference in mean 11.9% and 12.2% respectively, P<0.001). MMI score was associated with English language proficiency (IELTS) (r = 0.5, P<0.01). Correlations emerged between First Year results and IELTS (r = 0.44; p = 0.006; n = 38) and EU school exit exam (r = 0.52; p<0.001; n = 56). MMI predicted EU student OSCE performance (r = 0.27; p = 0.03; n = 64). In the analysis of focus group data two overarching themes emerged: Authenticity and Cultural Awareness. MMI was considered a highly authentic assessment that offered a deeper understanding of the applicant than traditional tools, with an immediate relevance to clinical practice. Cultural specificity of some stations and English language proficiency were seen to disadvantage international students. Recommendations included cultural awareness training for MMI assessors, designing and piloting culturally neutral stations, lengthening station duration and providing high quality advance information to candidates. Conclusion MMI is a welcome addition to assessment armamentarium for selection, particularly with regard to stakeholder acceptability. Understanding the mediating and moderating influences for differences in performance of international candidates is essential to ensure that MMI complies with the metrics of good assessment practice and principles of both distributive and procedural justice for all applicants, irrespective of nationality and cultural background.
Language:
en
Keywords:
RESEARCH METHODS; EDUCATION

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Maureen Een
dc.contributor.authorDowell, Jonen
dc.contributor.authorHusbands, Adrianen
dc.contributor.authorNewell, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorO‘Flynn, Siunen
dc.contributor.authorKropmans, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorDunne, Fidelma Pen
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Andrew Wen
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-14T11:53:42Zen
dc.date.available2015-07-14T11:53:42Zen
dc.date.issued2014-12-21en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Medical Education. 2014 Dec 21;14(1):267en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-014-0267-0en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/560375en
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background International medical students, those attending medical school outside of their country of citizenship, account for a growing proportion of medical undergraduates worldwide. This study aimed to establish the fairness, predictive validity and acceptability of Multiple Mini Interview (MMI) in an internationally diverse student population. Methods This was an explanatory sequential, mixed methods study. All students in First Year Medicine, National University of Ireland Galway 2012 were eligible to sit a previously validated 10 station MMI. Quantitative data comprised: demographics, selection tool scores and First Year Assessment scores. Qualitative data comprised separate focus groups with MMI Assessors, EU and Non-EU students. Results 109 students participated (45% of class). Of this 41.3% (n = 45) were Non-EU and 35.8% (n = 39) did not have English as first language. Age, gender and socioeconomic class did not impact on MMI scores. Non-EU students and those for whom English was not a first language achieved significantly lower scores on MMI than their EU and English speaking counterparts (difference in mean 11.9% and 12.2% respectively, P<0.001). MMI score was associated with English language proficiency (IELTS) (r = 0.5, P<0.01). Correlations emerged between First Year results and IELTS (r = 0.44; p = 0.006; n = 38) and EU school exit exam (r = 0.52; p<0.001; n = 56). MMI predicted EU student OSCE performance (r = 0.27; p = 0.03; n = 64). In the analysis of focus group data two overarching themes emerged: Authenticity and Cultural Awareness. MMI was considered a highly authentic assessment that offered a deeper understanding of the applicant than traditional tools, with an immediate relevance to clinical practice. Cultural specificity of some stations and English language proficiency were seen to disadvantage international students. Recommendations included cultural awareness training for MMI assessors, designing and piloting culturally neutral stations, lengthening station duration and providing high quality advance information to candidates. Conclusion MMI is a welcome addition to assessment armamentarium for selection, particularly with regard to stakeholder acceptability. Understanding the mediating and moderating influences for differences in performance of international candidates is essential to ensure that MMI complies with the metrics of good assessment practice and principles of both distributive and procedural justice for all applicants, irrespective of nationality and cultural background.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectRESEARCH METHODSen
dc.subjectEDUCATIONen
dc.titleThe fairness, predictive validity and acceptability of multiple mini interview in an internationally diverse student population- a mixed methods studyen
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderMaureen E Kelly et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2015-01-21T20:03:10Z-
All Items in Lenus, The Irish Health Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.