Treatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many ’reliably improve’?

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/558869
Title:
Treatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many ’reliably improve’?
Authors:
Smyth, BP; Kelly, A; Barry, J; Cullen, W; Darker, C
Publisher:
Irish Medical Journal
Journal:
Irish medical journal
Issue Date:
May-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/558869
Abstract:
Alcohol and cannabis are the primary substances contributing to referrals of adolescents to substance abuse treatment services. Their outcome has not been examined in Ireland. A three month follow-up was conducted in an outpatient adolescent treatment program. We followed up 35 high risk users of alcohol and 55 high risk users of cannabis. Although the high risk drinkers achieved a significant reduction in median number of days drinking (p=0.004), only four (11%) were abstinent at follow up. A further five (14%) achieved a reliable reduction in days of drinking. The high risk cannabis users demonstrated a significant drop in median days of use (p<0.001), although only six (11%) were abstinent at follow up. A further 20 (36%) achieved a reliable reduction in days of use. Calculation of reliable change allows examination of outcomes which fall short of the elusive goal of abstinence.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
DRUGS MISUSE; YOUNG PEOPLE
Local subject classification:
ADDICTION

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, BPen
dc.contributor.authorKelly, Aen
dc.contributor.authorBarry, Jen
dc.contributor.authorCullen, Wen
dc.contributor.authorDarker, Cen
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-06T09:41:05Zen
dc.date.available2015-07-06T09:41:05Zen
dc.date.issued2015-05en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/558869en
dc.description.abstractAlcohol and cannabis are the primary substances contributing to referrals of adolescents to substance abuse treatment services. Their outcome has not been examined in Ireland. A three month follow-up was conducted in an outpatient adolescent treatment program. We followed up 35 high risk users of alcohol and 55 high risk users of cannabis. Although the high risk drinkers achieved a significant reduction in median number of days drinking (p=0.004), only four (11%) were abstinent at follow up. A further five (14%) achieved a reliable reduction in days of drinking. The high risk cannabis users demonstrated a significant drop in median days of use (p<0.001), although only six (11%) were abstinent at follow up. A further 20 (36%) achieved a reliable reduction in days of use. Calculation of reliable change allows examination of outcomes which fall short of the elusive goal of abstinence.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherIrish Medical Journalen
dc.subjectDRUGS MISUSEen
dc.subjectYOUNG PEOPLEen
dc.subject.otherADDICTIONen
dc.titleTreatment outcome for adolescents abusing alcohol and cannabis: how many ’reliably improve’?en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalIrish medical journalen
dc.description.fundingNo fundingen
dc.description.provinceLeinsteren
dc.description.peer-reviewpeer-reviewen
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