Mercury Exposure in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/326235
Title:
Mercury Exposure in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study
Authors:
Cullen, Elizabeth; Evans, David; Davidson, Fred; Burke, Padraig; Burns, Damien; Flanagan, Andrew; Griffin, Chris; Kellegher, Anne; Mannion, Rory; Mulcahy, Maurice; Ryan, Michael; Biot, Pierre; Casteleyn, Ludwine; Castaño, Argelia; Angerer, Jürgen; Koch, Holger; Esteban, Marta; Schindler, Birgit; Navarro, Carmen; Kolossa-Gehring, Marike; Fiddicke, Ulrike; Schoeters, Greet; Hond, Elly; Sepai, Ovnair; Exley, Karen; Bloemen, Louis; Knudsen, Lisbeth; Joas, Reinhard; Joas, Anke; Aerts, Dominique
Citation:
Mercury Exposure in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study 2014, 11 (9):9760 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal:
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue Date:
Sep-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/326235
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph110909760
Additional Links:
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/9/9760/
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Monitoring of human exposure to mercury is important due to its adverse health effects. This study aimed to determine the extent of mercury exposure among mothers and their children in Ireland, and to identify factors associated with elevated levels. It formed part of the Demonstration of a study to Coordinate and Perform Human Biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) pilot biomonitoring study. Methods: Hair mercury concentrations were determined from a convenience sample of 120 mother/child pairs. Mothers also completed a questionnaire. Rigorous quality assurance within DEMOCOPHES guaranteed the accuracy and international comparability of results. Results: Mercury was detected in 79.2% of the samples from mothers, and 62.5% of children’s samples. Arithmetic mean levels in mothers (0.262 μg/g hair) and children (0.149 μg /g hair) did not exceed the US EPA guidance value. Levels were significantly higher for those with higher education, and those who consumed more fish. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the benefit of human biomonitoring for assessing and comparing internal exposure levels, both on a population and an individual basis. It enables the potential harmful impact of mercury to be minimised in those highly exposed, and can therefore significantly contribute to population health
Local subject classification:
PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT; ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH; HEALTH PROTECTION
ISSN:
1660-4601

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCullen, Elizabethen_GB
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Daviden_GB
dc.contributor.authorDavidson, Freden_GB
dc.contributor.authorBurke, Padraigen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBurns, Damienen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFlanagan, Andrewen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGriffin, Chrisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKellegher, Anneen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMannion, Roryen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMulcahy, Mauriceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Michaelen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBiot, Pierreen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCasteleyn, Ludwineen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCastaño, Argeliaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAngerer, Jürgenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Holgeren_GB
dc.contributor.authorEsteban, Martaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSchindler, Birgiten_GB
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, Carmenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKolossa-Gehring, Marikeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFiddicke, Ulrikeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSchoeters, Greeten_GB
dc.contributor.authorHond, Ellyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSepai, Ovnairen_GB
dc.contributor.authorExley, Karenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBloemen, Louisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKnudsen, Lisbethen_GB
dc.contributor.authorJoas, Reinharden_GB
dc.contributor.authorJoas, Ankeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAerts, Dominiqueen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-19T08:55:40Z-
dc.date.available2014-09-19T08:55:40Z-
dc.date.issued2014-09-
dc.identifier.citationMercury Exposure in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Study 2014, 11 (9):9760 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_GB
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601-
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph110909760-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/326235-
dc.descriptionMonitoring of human exposure to mercury is important due to its adverse health effects. This study aimed to determine the extent of mercury exposure among mothers and their children in Ireland, and to identify factors associated with elevated levels. It formed part of the Demonstration of a study to Coordinate and Perform Human Biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) pilot biomonitoring study. Methods: Hair mercury concentrations were determined from a convenience sample of 120 mother/child pairs. Mothers also completed a questionnaire. Rigorous quality assurance within DEMOCOPHES guaranteed the accuracy and international comparability of results. Results: Mercury was detected in 79.2% of the samples from mothers, and 62.5% of children’s samples. Arithmetic mean levels in mothers (0.262 μg/g hair) and children (0.149 μg /g hair) did not exceed the US EPA guidance value. Levels were significantly higher for those with higher education, and those who consumed more fish. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the benefit of human biomonitoring for assessing and comparing internal exposure levels, both on a population and an individual basis. It enables the potential harmful impact of mercury to be minimised in those highly exposed, and can therefore significantly contribute to population healthen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/9/9760/en_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_GB
dc.subject.otherPUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENTen_GB
dc.subject.otherENVIRONMENT AND HEALTHen_GB
dc.subject.otherHEALTH PROTECTIONen_GB
dc.titleMercury Exposure in Ireland: Results of the DEMOCOPHES Human Biomonitoring Studyen_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_GB
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/9/9760-
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