Acute childhood asthma in Galway city from 1985-2005: relationship to air pollution and climate

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/324644
Title:
Acute childhood asthma in Galway city from 1985-2005: relationship to air pollution and climate
Authors:
Loftus, A; Loftus, BG; Muircheartaigh, I; Newell, J; Scarrott, C; Jennings, S
Citation:
Loftus A et al. Acute childhood asthma in Galway city from 1985-2005: relationship to air pollution and climate. IMJ. 2014 107(7)
Publisher:
Irish Medical Journal
Journal:
Irish Medical Journal
Issue Date:
Jul-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/324644
Abstract:
We examine the relationship of air pollution and climatic variables to asthma admission rates of children in Galway city over a 21 year period. Paediatric asthma admissions were recorded from 1985-2005, and admission rates per thousand calculated for pre-school (1-4 years), school aged (5-14 years) and all children (1-14 years) on a monthly and annual basis. These data were compared to average monthly and annual climatic variables (rainfall, humidity, sunshine, wind speed and temperature) and black smoke levels for the city. Simple correlation and Poisson Generalized Additive Models (GAM) were used. Admission rates each month are significantly correlated with smoke levels (p=0.007). Poisson GAM also shows a relationship between admissions and pollution (p=0.07). Annual smoke levels impact more on admission rates of preschoolers (p=0.04) than school age children (p=0.10). These data suggest that air pollution is an important factor in the epidemiology of acute childhood asthma.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
CHILD HEALTH; ASTHMA

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLoftus, Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLoftus, BGen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMuircheartaigh, Ien_GB
dc.contributor.authorNewell, Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorScarrott, Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorJennings, Sen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-11T13:12:45Z-
dc.date.available2014-08-11T13:12:45Z-
dc.date.issued2014-07-
dc.identifier.citationLoftus A et al. Acute childhood asthma in Galway city from 1985-2005: relationship to air pollution and climate. IMJ. 2014 107(7)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/324644-
dc.description.abstractWe examine the relationship of air pollution and climatic variables to asthma admission rates of children in Galway city over a 21 year period. Paediatric asthma admissions were recorded from 1985-2005, and admission rates per thousand calculated for pre-school (1-4 years), school aged (5-14 years) and all children (1-14 years) on a monthly and annual basis. These data were compared to average monthly and annual climatic variables (rainfall, humidity, sunshine, wind speed and temperature) and black smoke levels for the city. Simple correlation and Poisson Generalized Additive Models (GAM) were used. Admission rates each month are significantly correlated with smoke levels (p=0.007). Poisson GAM also shows a relationship between admissions and pollution (p=0.07). Annual smoke levels impact more on admission rates of preschoolers (p=0.04) than school age children (p=0.10). These data suggest that air pollution is an important factor in the epidemiology of acute childhood asthma.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherIrish Medical Journalen_GB
dc.subjectCHILD HEALTHen_GB
dc.subjectASTHMAen_GB
dc.titleAcute childhood asthma in Galway city from 1985-2005: relationship to air pollution and climateen_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalIrish Medical Journalen_GB
dc.description.fundingNo fundingen
dc.description.provinceConnachten
dc.description.peer-reviewpeer-reviewen
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