Prevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/323367
Title:
Prevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study.
Authors:
Thabit, Hood; Burns, Nicole; Shah, Shabahat; Brema, Imad; Crowley, Vivion; Finnegan, Fran; Daly, Brian; Nolan, John J
Affiliation:
Metabolic Research Unit, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. ht312@medschl.cam.ac.uk
Citation:
Thabit H et al. Prevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2013, 10 (4):337-45
Journal:
Diabetes & vascular disease research : official journal of the International Society of Diabetes and Vascular Disease
Issue Date:
Jul-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/323367
DOI:
10.1177/1479164113479808
PubMed ID:
23624762
Additional Links:
http://dvr.sagepub.com/content/10/4/337.long
Abstract:
Construction workers (CW) are at increased risk for a range of chronic diseases. We screened 983 CW for diabetes and cardiometabolic risk. The age range was 18-64 years, with mean age of 36.3 years. Self-reported questionnaires, Finnish diabetes risk score and fasting blood tests were collected at the workplace. The unadjusted prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus were 3.6% and 1.2%, respectively; 21% of CW had the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The majority were either overweight (48.3%) or obese (21.8%). In a regression model, age remained the strongest predictor of fasting glucose (p < 0.001). Pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus were significantly associated with presence of the MetS [odds ratio (OR) 5.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.8-11.5, p < 0.001 and OR 5.5; 95% CI: 1.6-18.7, p = 0.006, respectively]. Subjects engaged in greater physical activity outside of work had lower body mass index (26.9 vs. 28.8 kg/m(2), p = 0.03), waist circumference (95.8 vs. 98.1 cm, p = 0.03) and fasting serum triglycerides (1.1 vs. 1.4 mmol/L, p = 0.03) compared to those who were sedentary. Despite their youth and a physically demanding occupation, CW are at risk of cardiometabolic diseases. This risk increases with age and the MetS. Screening tools may be useful to identify those who are at risk.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
DIABETES MELLITUS; SCREENING
MeSH:
Adolescent; Adult; Blood Glucose; Cardiovascular Diseases; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Fasting; Humans; Ireland; Male; Metabolic Syndrome X; Middle Aged; Motor Activity; Obesity; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Triglycerides; Waist Circumference
ISSN:
1752-8984

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThabit, Hooden_GB
dc.contributor.authorBurns, Nicoleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorShah, Shabahaten_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrema, Imaden_GB
dc.contributor.authorCrowley, Vivionen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFinnegan, Franen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDaly, Brianen_GB
dc.contributor.authorNolan, John Jen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-17T15:36:42Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-17T15:36:42Z-
dc.date.issued2013-07-
dc.identifier.citationThabit H et al. Prevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2013, 10 (4):337-45en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1752-8984-
dc.identifier.pmid23624762-
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1479164113479808-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/323367-
dc.description.abstractConstruction workers (CW) are at increased risk for a range of chronic diseases. We screened 983 CW for diabetes and cardiometabolic risk. The age range was 18-64 years, with mean age of 36.3 years. Self-reported questionnaires, Finnish diabetes risk score and fasting blood tests were collected at the workplace. The unadjusted prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus were 3.6% and 1.2%, respectively; 21% of CW had the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The majority were either overweight (48.3%) or obese (21.8%). In a regression model, age remained the strongest predictor of fasting glucose (p < 0.001). Pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus were significantly associated with presence of the MetS [odds ratio (OR) 5.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.8-11.5, p < 0.001 and OR 5.5; 95% CI: 1.6-18.7, p = 0.006, respectively]. Subjects engaged in greater physical activity outside of work had lower body mass index (26.9 vs. 28.8 kg/m(2), p = 0.03), waist circumference (95.8 vs. 98.1 cm, p = 0.03) and fasting serum triglycerides (1.1 vs. 1.4 mmol/L, p = 0.03) compared to those who were sedentary. Despite their youth and a physically demanding occupation, CW are at risk of cardiometabolic diseases. This risk increases with age and the MetS. Screening tools may be useful to identify those who are at risk.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dvr.sagepub.com/content/10/4/337.longen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Diabetes & vascular disease research : official journal of the International Society of Diabetes and Vascular Diseaseen_GB
dc.subjectDIABETES MELLITUSen_GB
dc.subjectSCREENINGen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdolescent-
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshBlood Glucose-
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases-
dc.subject.meshDiabetes Mellitus, Type 2-
dc.subject.meshFasting-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMetabolic Syndrome X-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshMotor Activity-
dc.subject.meshObesity-
dc.subject.meshPrevalence-
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors-
dc.subject.meshTriglycerides-
dc.subject.meshWaist Circumference-
dc.titlePrevalence and predictors of diabetes and cardiometabolic risk among construction workers in Ireland: the Construction Workers Health Trust screening study.en_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMetabolic Research Unit, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. ht312@medschl.cam.ac.uken_GB
dc.identifier.journalDiabetes & vascular disease research : official journal of the International Society of Diabetes and Vascular Diseaseen_GB
dc.description.fundingOtheren
dc.description.provinceLeinsteren
dc.description.peer-reviewpeer-reviewen
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