Validation of the self-reported hearing questions in the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing against the Whispered Voice Test

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/322923
Title:
Validation of the self-reported hearing questions in the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing against the Whispered Voice Test
Authors:
Kenny Gibson, William; Cronin, Hilary; Kenny, Rose A; Setti, Annalisa
Citation:
BMC Research Notes. 2014 Jun 14;7(1):361
Issue Date:
14-Jun-2014
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-361; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/322923
Abstract:
Abstract Background Self report questions are often used in population studies to assess sensory efficacy and decline. These questions differ in their validity in assessing sensory impairment depending on the wording of the question and the characteristics of the population. We tested the validity of the self-report questions on hearing efficacy (self reported hearing, ability in following a conversation, use of a telephone and use of hearing aids) used in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Methods We tested sensitivity and specificity, positive and negative predictive values of each question against the Whispered Voice Test, a relatively easy to administer and cost effective alternative to the standard audiometric test. Results In this population the question ‘Is your hearing (with or without a hearing appliance)/ Excellent/Very Good/Good/Fair/Poor?’ showed the best diagnostic value in relation to the other questions (sensitivity 55.56% and specificity 94.67%). The question ‘Can you use a normal telephone?’ was deemed ineffective because of a very poor sensitivity (5.56%) and was proposed for exclusion from subsequent waves of TILDA. Conclusions We showed that this validity check was useful to select the questions that most effectively assess hearing deficits and provided crucial information for the subsequent waves. We argue that longitudinal studies using self-reports of sensory efficacy would benefit from a similar check.
Language:
en
Keywords:
OLDER PEOPLE; AGEING; HEARING DISORDERS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKenny Gibson, Williamen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCronin, Hilaryen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKenny, Rose Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSetti, Annalisaen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-15T11:08:21Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-15T11:08:21Z-
dc.date.issued2014-06-14-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Research Notes. 2014 Jun 14;7(1):361en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-361-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/322923-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Self report questions are often used in population studies to assess sensory efficacy and decline. These questions differ in their validity in assessing sensory impairment depending on the wording of the question and the characteristics of the population. We tested the validity of the self-report questions on hearing efficacy (self reported hearing, ability in following a conversation, use of a telephone and use of hearing aids) used in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Methods We tested sensitivity and specificity, positive and negative predictive values of each question against the Whispered Voice Test, a relatively easy to administer and cost effective alternative to the standard audiometric test. Results In this population the question ‘Is your hearing (with or without a hearing appliance)/ Excellent/Very Good/Good/Fair/Poor?’ showed the best diagnostic value in relation to the other questions (sensitivity 55.56% and specificity 94.67%). The question ‘Can you use a normal telephone?’ was deemed ineffective because of a very poor sensitivity (5.56%) and was proposed for exclusion from subsequent waves of TILDA. Conclusions We showed that this validity check was useful to select the questions that most effectively assess hearing deficits and provided crucial information for the subsequent waves. We argue that longitudinal studies using self-reports of sensory efficacy would benefit from a similar check.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectOLDER PEOPLEen_GB
dc.subjectAGEINGen_GB
dc.subjectHEARING DISORDERSen_GB
dc.titleValidation of the self-reported hearing questions in the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing against the Whispered Voice Testen_GB
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderWilliam Kenny Gibson et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2014-07-01T19:03:48Z-
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