The effects of individual, family and environmental factors on physical activity levels in children: a cross-sectional study

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/317461
Title:
The effects of individual, family and environmental factors on physical activity levels in children: a cross-sectional study
Authors:
Cadogan, Sharon L; Keane, Eimear; Kearney, Patricia M
Citation:
BMC Pediatrics. 2014 Apr 21;14(1):107
Issue Date:
21-Apr-2014
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-107; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/317461
Abstract:
Abstract Background Physical activity plays an important role in optimising physical and mental health during childhood, adolescence, and throughout adult life. This study aims to identify individual, family and environmental factors that determine physical activity levels in a population sample of children in Ireland. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of the first wave (2008) of the nationally representative Growing Up in Ireland study. A two-stage clustered sampling method was used where national schools served as the primary sampling unit (response rate: 82%) and age eligible children from participating schools were the secondary units (response rate: 57%). Parent reported child physical activity levels and potential covariates (parent and child reported) include favourite hobby, total screen time, sports participation and child body mass index (measured by trained researcher). Univariate and multivariate multinomial logistic regression (forward block entry) examined the association between individual, family and environmental level factors and physical activity levels. Results The children (N = 8,568) were classified as achieving low (25%), moderate (20%) or high (55%) physical activity levels. In the fully adjusted model, male gender (OR 1.64 [95% CI: 1.34-2.01]), having an active favourite hobby (OR 1.65 [95% CI: 1.31-2.08]) and membership of sports or fitness team (OR 1.90 [95% CI: 1.48-2.45]) were significantly associated with being in the high physical activity group. Exceeding two hours total screen time (OR 0.66 [95% CI: 0.52-0.85]), being overweight (OR 0.41 [95%CI: 0.27-0.61]; or obese (OR 0.68 [95%CI: 0.54-0.86]) were significantly associated with decreased odds of being in the high physical activity group. Conclusions Individual level factors appear to predict PA levels when considered in the multiple domains. Future research should aim to use more robust objective measures to explore the usefulness of the interconnect that exists across these domains. In particular how the family and environmental settings could be useful facilitators for consistent individual level factors such as sports participation.
Item Type:
Study
Language:
en
Keywords:
CHILD; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SOCIAL DETERMINANT; FAMILY

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCadogan, Sharon Len_GB
dc.contributor.authorKeane, Eimearen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKearney, Patricia Men_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-27T15:07:48Z-
dc.date.available2014-05-27T15:07:48Z-
dc.date.issued2014-04-21-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Pediatrics. 2014 Apr 21;14(1):107en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-14-107-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/317461-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background Physical activity plays an important role in optimising physical and mental health during childhood, adolescence, and throughout adult life. This study aims to identify individual, family and environmental factors that determine physical activity levels in a population sample of children in Ireland. Methods Cross-sectional analysis of the first wave (2008) of the nationally representative Growing Up in Ireland study. A two-stage clustered sampling method was used where national schools served as the primary sampling unit (response rate: 82%) and age eligible children from participating schools were the secondary units (response rate: 57%). Parent reported child physical activity levels and potential covariates (parent and child reported) include favourite hobby, total screen time, sports participation and child body mass index (measured by trained researcher). Univariate and multivariate multinomial logistic regression (forward block entry) examined the association between individual, family and environmental level factors and physical activity levels. Results The children (N = 8,568) were classified as achieving low (25%), moderate (20%) or high (55%) physical activity levels. In the fully adjusted model, male gender (OR 1.64 [95% CI: 1.34-2.01]), having an active favourite hobby (OR 1.65 [95% CI: 1.31-2.08]) and membership of sports or fitness team (OR 1.90 [95% CI: 1.48-2.45]) were significantly associated with being in the high physical activity group. Exceeding two hours total screen time (OR 0.66 [95% CI: 0.52-0.85]), being overweight (OR 0.41 [95%CI: 0.27-0.61]; or obese (OR 0.68 [95%CI: 0.54-0.86]) were significantly associated with decreased odds of being in the high physical activity group. Conclusions Individual level factors appear to predict PA levels when considered in the multiple domains. Future research should aim to use more robust objective measures to explore the usefulness of the interconnect that exists across these domains. In particular how the family and environmental settings could be useful facilitators for consistent individual level factors such as sports participation.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectCHILDen_GB
dc.subjectPHYSICAL ACTIVITYen_GB
dc.subjectSOCIAL DETERMINANTen_GB
dc.subjectFAMILYen_GB
dc.titleThe effects of individual, family and environmental factors on physical activity levels in children: a cross-sectional studyen_GB
dc.typeStudyen
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderSharon L Cadogan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2014-05-21T15:14:16Z-
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