A controlled evaluation of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with coronary heart disease and depression

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/311920
Title:
A controlled evaluation of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with coronary heart disease and depression
Authors:
O’Doherty, Veronica; Carr, Alan; McGrann, Ailson; O’Neill, James O.; Dinan, Siobhan
Journal:
Mindfulness
Issue Date:
2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/311920
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This study evaluated the effectiveness of an eight-session mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) group intervention programme for treating depression in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. Thirty-two depressed CHD patients were assigned to an MBCT treatment group and a demographically and clinically similar group of 30 cases were assigned to a waiting-list control group. Participants were evaluated at baseline, 8 weeks, and 6 months follow-up with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Profile of Mood States (POMS), Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). After each session MBCT participants completed the post-session Questionnaire (PQ) on helpful aspects of therapy, and after the programme completed the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ). At follow-up 71% of the MBCT group were clinically recovered from depression compared with 50% of the control group. The MBCT group showed significantly greater improvement than the control group on all measures with effect sizes at follow-up of d = 0.43 - 1.0. Increases in mindfulness on the MAAS correlated significantly with improvements on the HADS, BSI, POMS and PAIS. Key helpful aspects of therapy identified by MBCT participants included learning meditation, obtaining group support, and developing optimism. There was a high level of satisfaction with the MBCT programme. These results indicate that a randomized controlled trial of MBCT for depressed CHD patients is now warranted.
Keywords:
CORONARY HEART DISEASE; DEPRESSION; PSYCHOTHERAPY
Local subject classification:
MINDFULNESS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorO’Doherty, Veronicaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCarr, Alanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMcGrann, Ailsonen_GB
dc.contributor.authorO’Neill, James O.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDinan, Siobhanen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-28T10:17:43Z-
dc.date.available2014-01-28T10:17:43Z-
dc.date.issued2014-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/311920-
dc.descriptionThis study evaluated the effectiveness of an eight-session mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) group intervention programme for treating depression in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. Thirty-two depressed CHD patients were assigned to an MBCT treatment group and a demographically and clinically similar group of 30 cases were assigned to a waiting-list control group. Participants were evaluated at baseline, 8 weeks, and 6 months follow-up with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Profile of Mood States (POMS), Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). After each session MBCT participants completed the post-session Questionnaire (PQ) on helpful aspects of therapy, and after the programme completed the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ). At follow-up 71% of the MBCT group were clinically recovered from depression compared with 50% of the control group. The MBCT group showed significantly greater improvement than the control group on all measures with effect sizes at follow-up of d = 0.43 - 1.0. Increases in mindfulness on the MAAS correlated significantly with improvements on the HADS, BSI, POMS and PAIS. Key helpful aspects of therapy identified by MBCT participants included learning meditation, obtaining group support, and developing optimism. There was a high level of satisfaction with the MBCT programme. These results indicate that a randomized controlled trial of MBCT for depressed CHD patients is now warranted.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectCORONARY HEART DISEASEen_GB
dc.subjectDEPRESSIONen_GB
dc.subjectPSYCHOTHERAPYen_GB
dc.subject.otherMINDFULNESSen_GB
dc.titleA controlled evaluation of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with coronary heart disease and depressionen_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalMindfulnessen_GB
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