A framework for assessing health system resilience in an economic crisis: Ireland as a test case

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/305218
Title:
A framework for assessing health system resilience in an economic crisis: Ireland as a test case
Authors:
Thomas, Steve; Keegan, Conor; Barry, Sarah; Layte, Richard; Jowett, Matt; Normand, Charles
Citation:
BMC Health Services Research. 2013 Oct 30;13(1):450
Issue Date:
30-Oct-2013
URI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-450; http://hdl.handle.net/10147/305218
Abstract:
Abstract Background The financial crisis that hit the global economy in 2007 was unprecedented in the post war era. In general the crisis has created a difficult environment for health systems globally. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for assessing the resilience of health systems in terms of how they have adjusted to economic crisis. Resilience can be understood as the capacity of a system to absorb change but continue to retain essentially the same identity and function. The Irish health system is used as a case study to assess the usefulness of this framework. Methods The authors identify three forms of resilience: financial, adaptive and transformatory. Indicators of performance are presented to allow for testing of the framework and measurement of system performance. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to yield data for the Irish case study. Quantitative data were collected from government documents and sources to understand the depth of the recession and the different dimensions of the response. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key decision makers to understand the reasons for decisions made. Results In the Irish case there is mixed evidence on resilience. Health funding was initially protected but was then followed by deep cuts as the crisis deepened. There is strong evidence for adaptive resilience, with the health system showing efficiency gains from the recession. Nevertheless, easy efficiencies have been made and continued austerity will mean cuts in entitlements and services. The prospects for building and maintaining transformatory resilience are unsure. While the direction of reform is clear, and has been preserved to date, it is not certain whether it will remain manageable given continued austerity, some loss of sovereignty and capacity limitations. Conclusions The three aspects of resilience proved a useful categorisation of performance measurement though there is overlap between them. Transformatory resilience may be more difficult to assess precisely. It would be useful to test out the framework against other country experiences and refine the measures and indicators. Further research on both the comparative resilience of different health systems and building resilience in preparation for crises is encouraged.
Language:
en
Keywords:
HEALTH SERVICES; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Steveen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKeegan, Conoren_GB
dc.contributor.authorBarry, Sarahen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLayte, Richarden_GB
dc.contributor.authorJowett, Matten_GB
dc.contributor.authorNormand, Charlesen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-11T17:35:29Z-
dc.date.available2013-11-11T17:35:29Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-30-
dc.identifier.citationBMC Health Services Research. 2013 Oct 30;13(1):450en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-450-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/305218-
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background The financial crisis that hit the global economy in 2007 was unprecedented in the post war era. In general the crisis has created a difficult environment for health systems globally. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for assessing the resilience of health systems in terms of how they have adjusted to economic crisis. Resilience can be understood as the capacity of a system to absorb change but continue to retain essentially the same identity and function. The Irish health system is used as a case study to assess the usefulness of this framework. Methods The authors identify three forms of resilience: financial, adaptive and transformatory. Indicators of performance are presented to allow for testing of the framework and measurement of system performance. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to yield data for the Irish case study. Quantitative data were collected from government documents and sources to understand the depth of the recession and the different dimensions of the response. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key decision makers to understand the reasons for decisions made. Results In the Irish case there is mixed evidence on resilience. Health funding was initially protected but was then followed by deep cuts as the crisis deepened. There is strong evidence for adaptive resilience, with the health system showing efficiency gains from the recession. Nevertheless, easy efficiencies have been made and continued austerity will mean cuts in entitlements and services. The prospects for building and maintaining transformatory resilience are unsure. While the direction of reform is clear, and has been preserved to date, it is not certain whether it will remain manageable given continued austerity, some loss of sovereignty and capacity limitations. Conclusions The three aspects of resilience proved a useful categorisation of performance measurement though there is overlap between them. Transformatory resilience may be more difficult to assess precisely. It would be useful to test out the framework against other country experiences and refine the measures and indicators. Further research on both the comparative resilience of different health systems and building resilience in preparation for crises is encouraged.-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectHEALTH SERVICESen_GB
dc.subjectECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTen_GB
dc.titleA framework for assessing health system resilience in an economic crisis: Ireland as a test caseen_GB
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.rights.holderSteve Thomas et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.-
dc.description.statusPeer Reviewed-
dc.date.updated2013-11-04T12:09:03Z-
All Items in Lenus, The Irish Health Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.