Driving change in immunisation: The role of the National Immunisation Office 2005 - 2011

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/301624
Title:
Driving change in immunisation: The role of the National Immunisation Office 2005 - 2011
Authors:
HSE National Immunisation Office
Affiliation:
Health Service Executive (HSE)
Publisher:
Health Service Executive (HSE)
Issue Date:
Jun-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/301624
Additional Links:
http://www.immunisation.ie/en/EXTRADOWNLOADS/PDFFile_17039_en.pdf
Item Type:
Report
Language:
en
Description:
Immunisation is one of the most cost-effective health interventions available, saving millions of people from illness, disability and death worldwide each year. A well-functioning immunisation programme is essential to reducing child mortality and morbidity from vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In 2002 a review of immunisation programmes in Ireland identified fragmented structures and a lack of standardised processes as key challenges to improving immunisation uptake rates. As a result the Health Service Executive (HSE) established the National Immunisation Office (NIO) in 2005 as a coordinating unit for immunisation to ensure high quality standardised implementation of all publicly funded immunisation programmes (primary childhood, schools, seasonal influenza and others as required). The NIO has a current complement of seven full time staff members who are responsible for the coordination of immunisation programmes through collaboration with all all those involved in their delivery and support. In addition the NIO is also responsible for managing vaccine procurement and distribution, developing training and communication materials for health professionals and the general public and controlling a budget of over €38 million in 2011. Vaccine procurement accounts for over 90% of this budget and since 2005 purchase of all vaccines for national programmes has been centralised and managed by the NIO. This has resulted in significant efficiencies through better forecasting to ensure continuity of supply and prolonged shelf life, improved stock management, reduction of vaccine wastage and centralised invoice processing. Distribution of all vaccines under validated cold chain conditions (essential for vaccine potency) is provided by the HSE National Cold Chain Service with overall management, monitoring and control by the NIO. This service has expanded since its introduction in 2005 when 1.6 million vaccines were delivered to over 1,600 locations to 2.3 million vaccines to 2,600 locations in 2011. In addition the NIO, in collaboration with key stakeholders, has developed and implemented national standards based on best practice in many aspects of immunisation including training and education, consent forms, medication protocols and HSE staff immunisation guidelines. All information materials for the general public are now developed and distributed by the NIO who also manage the national immunisation website www.immunisation.ie. This website has received ongoing accreditation from the World Health Organization (WHO) since 2006 as one of only 34 websites worldwide providing good information practices relating to credibility and content. Since 2005 the NIO has coordinated the successful implementation of the introduction of hepatitis B and pneumococcal vaccines to the Primary Childhood Immunisation Programme with an increase in vaccine uptakes approaching World Health Organization targets. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been introduced to the schools immunisation programme with an uptake for the three vaccine doses of 82% exceeding the target of 80% in the first year of the programme. In 2011 the NIO coordinated the implementation of the first national IT immunisation system which records HPV vaccinations. This system will allow easier implementation, monitoring and deliver timely vaccine uptakes.
Keywords:
IMMUNISATION; PUBLIC HEALTH

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHSE National Immunisation Officeen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-16T11:23:39Z-
dc.date.available2013-09-16T11:23:39Z-
dc.date.issued2012-06-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/301624-
dc.descriptionImmunisation is one of the most cost-effective health interventions available, saving millions of people from illness, disability and death worldwide each year. A well-functioning immunisation programme is essential to reducing child mortality and morbidity from vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). In 2002 a review of immunisation programmes in Ireland identified fragmented structures and a lack of standardised processes as key challenges to improving immunisation uptake rates. As a result the Health Service Executive (HSE) established the National Immunisation Office (NIO) in 2005 as a coordinating unit for immunisation to ensure high quality standardised implementation of all publicly funded immunisation programmes (primary childhood, schools, seasonal influenza and others as required). The NIO has a current complement of seven full time staff members who are responsible for the coordination of immunisation programmes through collaboration with all all those involved in their delivery and support. In addition the NIO is also responsible for managing vaccine procurement and distribution, developing training and communication materials for health professionals and the general public and controlling a budget of over €38 million in 2011. Vaccine procurement accounts for over 90% of this budget and since 2005 purchase of all vaccines for national programmes has been centralised and managed by the NIO. This has resulted in significant efficiencies through better forecasting to ensure continuity of supply and prolonged shelf life, improved stock management, reduction of vaccine wastage and centralised invoice processing. Distribution of all vaccines under validated cold chain conditions (essential for vaccine potency) is provided by the HSE National Cold Chain Service with overall management, monitoring and control by the NIO. This service has expanded since its introduction in 2005 when 1.6 million vaccines were delivered to over 1,600 locations to 2.3 million vaccines to 2,600 locations in 2011. In addition the NIO, in collaboration with key stakeholders, has developed and implemented national standards based on best practice in many aspects of immunisation including training and education, consent forms, medication protocols and HSE staff immunisation guidelines. All information materials for the general public are now developed and distributed by the NIO who also manage the national immunisation website www.immunisation.ie. This website has received ongoing accreditation from the World Health Organization (WHO) since 2006 as one of only 34 websites worldwide providing good information practices relating to credibility and content. Since 2005 the NIO has coordinated the successful implementation of the introduction of hepatitis B and pneumococcal vaccines to the Primary Childhood Immunisation Programme with an increase in vaccine uptakes approaching World Health Organization targets. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been introduced to the schools immunisation programme with an uptake for the three vaccine doses of 82% exceeding the target of 80% in the first year of the programme. In 2011 the NIO coordinated the implementation of the first national IT immunisation system which records HPV vaccinations. This system will allow easier implementation, monitoring and deliver timely vaccine uptakes.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherHealth Service Executive (HSE)en_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.immunisation.ie/en/EXTRADOWNLOADS/PDFFile_17039_en.pdfen_GB
dc.subjectIMMUNISATIONen_GB
dc.subjectPUBLIC HEALTHen_GB
dc.titleDriving change in immunisation: The role of the National Immunisation Office 2005 - 2011en_GB
dc.typeReporten
dc.contributor.departmentHealth Service Executive (HSE)en_GB
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