Stroke knowledge in an Irish semi-rural community-dwelling cohort and impact of a brief education session.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/285652
Title:
Stroke knowledge in an Irish semi-rural community-dwelling cohort and impact of a brief education session.
Authors:
O'Callaghan, Geraldine; Murphy, Sean; Loane, Dorothy; Farrelly, Evelyn; Horgan, Frances
Affiliation:
Physiotherapy Department, Midland Regional Hospital, Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland. geraldineocallaghan@hotmail.com
Citation:
Stroke knowledge in an Irish semi-rural community-dwelling cohort and impact of a brief education session. 2012, 21 (8):629-35; quiz 636-8 J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association
Issue Date:
Nov-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10147/285652
DOI:
10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2011.02.006
PubMed ID:
21511494
Abstract:
Poor knowledge of stroke risk factors and failure to recognize and act on acute symptoms hinders efforts to prevent stroke and improve clinical outcomes. Levels of stroke knowledge are poorly established within Ireland. This study was conducted to establish levels of knowledge among men and women aged >40 years in an Irish community, and also to determine the impact of a single education session on stroke knowledge. Subjects from 2 separate geographical locations were allocated to an intervention group (n = 200), who received stroke information over a 90-minute session, or a control group (n = 200). Both groups completed a stroke knowledge questionnaire at baseline and at 4 weeks after the educational session. Overall, the initial response rate was 70% (280/400); 52% of the respondents knew that the brain is affected by stroke, 58% could list 2 or more risk factors but only 27% could list 2 or more warning signs, 50% would call 999 (emergency number in Ireland) in response to stroke, 17% had heard of thrombolytic therapy, but only 1% knew the time frame for receiving thrombolytics. The response rate to the resurvey following the educational session was 57%, with 47 of 117 subjects in the intervention group (40%) attending the session. Stroke knowledge scores improved by 50% in the intervention group (P < .001). Overall, the knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning signs, and thrombolytic therapy was poor in this Irish community-dwelling cohort. Our study demonstrates that a single educational session can improve short-term knowledge of stroke symptoms and thrombolytic therapy.
Item Type:
Article
Language:
en
Keywords:
STROKE AND TIA; HEALTH EDUCATION
MeSH:
Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Awareness; Brain; Chi-Square Distribution; Educational Measurement; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Ireland; Male; Middle Aged; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Patient Education as Topic; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Stroke; Thrombolytic Therapy; Time-to-Treatment
ISSN:
1532-8511

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorO'Callaghan, Geraldineen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Seanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLoane, Dorothyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFarrelly, Evelynen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHorgan, Francesen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-29T14:28:43Z-
dc.date.available2013-04-29T14:28:43Z-
dc.date.issued2012-11-
dc.identifier.citationStroke knowledge in an Irish semi-rural community-dwelling cohort and impact of a brief education session. 2012, 21 (8):629-35; quiz 636-8 J Stroke Cerebrovasc Disen_GB
dc.identifier.issn1532-8511-
dc.identifier.pmid21511494-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2011.02.006-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10147/285652-
dc.description.abstractPoor knowledge of stroke risk factors and failure to recognize and act on acute symptoms hinders efforts to prevent stroke and improve clinical outcomes. Levels of stroke knowledge are poorly established within Ireland. This study was conducted to establish levels of knowledge among men and women aged >40 years in an Irish community, and also to determine the impact of a single education session on stroke knowledge. Subjects from 2 separate geographical locations were allocated to an intervention group (n = 200), who received stroke information over a 90-minute session, or a control group (n = 200). Both groups completed a stroke knowledge questionnaire at baseline and at 4 weeks after the educational session. Overall, the initial response rate was 70% (280/400); 52% of the respondents knew that the brain is affected by stroke, 58% could list 2 or more risk factors but only 27% could list 2 or more warning signs, 50% would call 999 (emergency number in Ireland) in response to stroke, 17% had heard of thrombolytic therapy, but only 1% knew the time frame for receiving thrombolytics. The response rate to the resurvey following the educational session was 57%, with 47 of 117 subjects in the intervention group (40%) attending the session. Stroke knowledge scores improved by 50% in the intervention group (P < .001). Overall, the knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning signs, and thrombolytic therapy was poor in this Irish community-dwelling cohort. Our study demonstrates that a single educational session can improve short-term knowledge of stroke symptoms and thrombolytic therapy.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Associationen_GB
dc.subjectSTROKE AND TIAen_GB
dc.subjectHEALTH EDUCATIONen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdult-
dc.subject.meshAged-
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and over-
dc.subject.meshAwareness-
dc.subject.meshBrain-
dc.subject.meshChi-Square Distribution-
dc.subject.meshEducational Measurement-
dc.subject.meshFemale-
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice-
dc.subject.meshHumans-
dc.subject.meshIreland-
dc.subject.meshMale-
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged-
dc.subject.meshPatient Acceptance of Health Care-
dc.subject.meshPatient Education as Topic-
dc.subject.meshQuestionnaires-
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors-
dc.subject.meshRural Population-
dc.subject.meshStroke-
dc.subject.meshThrombolytic Therapy-
dc.subject.meshTime-to-Treatment-
dc.titleStroke knowledge in an Irish semi-rural community-dwelling cohort and impact of a brief education session.en_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentPhysiotherapy Department, Midland Regional Hospital, Mullingar, County Westmeath, Ireland. geraldineocallaghan@hotmail.comen_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Associationen_GB
dc.description.provinceLeinsteren

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